In recent years, data gathering plays a vital role in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN). It uses two methods to gather data from sensors. Firstly, static element is used to gather data from the sensors that are randomly deployed in the deployment field. In static element based technique, the data packets are relayed throughout the network to reach the base station via multi-hop communication. Due to this technique, more energy is consumed. Secondly, mobile element (ME) is used for data gathering from the sensor nodes. This utilizes less energy than static element and improves the network lifetime. But the mobile element has a difficulty of finding the routing path. This paper proposes an Energy Efficient Clustering with Delay Reduction Approach in Data Gathering (EE-CDRDG) using Multiple Sensor node which groups the sensors into cluster and a cluster head is nominated for each cluster. The MSN first gathers data from the cluster head having lower energy when compared to other cluster head it reduces the data loss using dynamic vehicle routing. Thus, the proposed algorithm achieves increased network lifetime with less energy utilization for communication and reduces the buffer overflow.
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Sivakumar, B., Sowmya, B. An Energy Efficient Clustering with Delay Reduction in Data Gathering (EE-CDRDG) Using Mobile Sensor Node. Wireless Pers Commun 90, 793–806 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-016-3214-z
- Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)
- Mobile sensor node (MSN)
- Dynamic vehicle routing