Advertisement

Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 84, Issue 3, pp 1963–1979 | Cite as

Offloading Multiple Mobile Data Contents Through Opportunistic Device-to-Device Communications

  • Ray-Guang ChengEmail author
  • Nien-Sheng Chen
  • Yu-Feng Chou
  • Zdenek Becvar
Article

Abstract

Opportunistic device-to-device (D2D) communication is the approach proposed to offload mobile data traffic for cellular networks. In opportunistic D2D communication, the network has to appoint relaying users to distribute content(s) to normal subscribers under a given delay-tolerance threshold. In general, the total number of relaying users is fixed. Identifying proper number of relaying users is one of the key challenges in opportunistic D2D communication. The network has to select proper number of relaying users for each content to minimize the amount of mobile data traffic. This paper presents a popularity-based relaying user selection algorithm to determine the number of relaying users for distributing multiple contents with different popularity. An analytical model is then presented to estimate the amount of reduced mobile data traffic under single-hop and multi-hop opportunistic forwarding scenarios. Results obtained by simulations as well as by our proposed analytical model show that the proposed popularity-based algorithm can find the total number of relaying users to the amount of reduced mobile data traffic. For services which have longer delay-tolerance threshold, the proposed popularity-based algorithm requires less relaying users and can achieve similar amount of reduced mobile data traffic as the state-of-the-art random fully-allocation algorithm does. For services which have shorter delay-tolerance threshold, the proposed popularity-based algorithm provide significant gain comparing with the random fully-allocation algorithm.

Keywords

Offloading Device-to-device communication Opportunistic communication Mobile networks 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan under Contract MOST 102-2221-E-011-003-MY3 and by the “Aiming For the Top University Program” funded by Ministry of Education of Taiwan.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

References

  1. 1.
    Han, B., Hui, P., Kumar, V., Marathe, M., Shao, J., & Srinivasan, A. (2011). Mobile data offloading through opportunistic D2D communications and social participation. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 11(5), 821–834.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Whitbeck, J., Lopez, Y., Leguay, J., Conan, V., & de Amorim, M. D. (2011). Relieving the wireless infrastructure: When opportunistic networks meet guaranteed delays. In Proceedings of the IEEE international symposium on a WoWMoM, Lucca, Italy.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li, Y., Su, G., Hui, P., Jin, D., Su, L., & Zeng, L. (2011). Multiple mobile data offloading through delay tolerant networks. In Proceedings of the 6th ACM workshop on challenged networks (CHANTS) (pp. 43–48).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bhatia, R., Narlikar, G., Rimac, I., & Beck, A. (2009). UNAP: User-centric network-aware push for mobile content delivery. In Proceedings of the IEEE INFOCOM (pp. 2034–2042).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen, N. S., Chou, Y. F., Cheng, R. G., & Tsao, S. L. (2013 ). Multiple contents offloading through opportunistic communications. In Proceedings of the 12th international conference on telecommunications (ConTEL) (pp. 65–69), Zagreb, Croatia.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pelusi, L., Passarella, A., & Conti, M. (2006). Opportunistic networking: Data forwarding in disconnected mobile ad hoc networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 44(11), 134–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    LeBrun, J., Chuah, C. N., Ghosal, D., & Zhang, M. (2005). Knowledge-based opportunistic forwarding in vehicular wireless ad hoc networks. In IEEE 61st vehicular technology conference (VTC 2005-Spring) (vol. 4, pp. 2289–2293).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hui, P., Crowcroft, J., & Yoneki, E. (2011). BUBBLE Rap: Social-based forwarding in delay-tolerant networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 10(11), 1576–1589.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhou, B., Hu, H., Huang, S., & Chen, H. (2013). Intra-cluster device-to-device relay algorithm with optimal resource utilization. IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology, 62(5), 2315–2326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thilakarathna, K., Viana, A. C., Seneviratne, A., & Petander, H. (2013). Mobile social networking through friend-to-friend opportunistic content dissemination. In Proceedings of the ACM international symposium on mobile ad hoc networking and computing (MobiHoc’13) (pp. 563–266).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhuo, X., Li, Q., Cao, G., Dai, Y., Szymanski, B., & Porta, T. L. (2011). Social-based cooperative caching in DTNs: A contact duration aware approach. In Proceedings of the IEEE mobile adhoc and sensor systems (MASS) (pp. 92–101).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Content Marketing Tool BuzzSumo, http://buzzsumo.com
  13. 13.
    Goemans, M., Li, L., Mirrokni, V. S., & Thottan, M. (2006). Market sharing games applied to content distribution in ad-hoc networks. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 24(5), 1020–1033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kangasharju, J., Roberts, J. W., & Ross, K. W. (2002). Object replication strategies in content distribution networks. Computer Communications, 25(4), 376–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    3GPP TS 25.346. (2014). Introduction of the multimedia broadcast/multicast service (MBMS) in the radio access network (RAN): Stage 2.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kutscher, D., et al. (2013). ICN research challenges. IETF Internet-Draft, draft-kutscher-icnrg-challenges-01.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pentikousis, K., et al. (2013). ICN baseline scenarios and evaluation methodology. IETF Internet-Draft, draft-pentikousis-icn-scenarios-04.txt.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ray-Guang Cheng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nien-Sheng Chen
    • 1
  • Yu-Feng Chou
    • 1
  • Zdenek Becvar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronic and Computer EngineeringNational Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Telecommunication Engineering, FEECzech Technical University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations