Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 82, Issue 4, pp 2363–2375 | Cite as

DOA Estimation of Noncircular Signal Based on Sparse Representation

  • Xuemin YangEmail author
  • Guangjun Li
  • Zhi Zheng


In this paper, we propose a novel method employing subspace fitting principle for DOA estimation of noncircular signal based on the sparse representation technology. The proposed method combines the signal information contained in both the covariance and elliptic covariance matrix of the received data matrix. We use the eigenvalue decomposition of the extended covariance to obtain the signal eigenvectors, and represent the steering vector on overcomplete basis subject to sparse constraint in subspace fitting method. After casting multiple dimensional optimization problem of the classical subspace fitting method as a sparse reconstruction problem, we use L1-norm penalty for sparsity, and optimization by the second order cone programming framework to obtain the DOA estimates. The proposed method can be used in arbitrary array configuration. Compared with the existing algorithms, the simulation results show that the proposed method has better performance in low SNR. Compared with L1-SVD, the proposed method also own better resolution probability.


DOA estimation Noncircular signal Sparse representation Subspace fitting 



This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 61301155 and 61176025, and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities Project No. ZYGX2012J003, for which the authors would like to express their thanks. The authors also wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful and constructive comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Communication and Information EngineeringUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduChina

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