Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 82, Issue 4, pp 2231–2245 | Cite as

Enhanced Secure Mutual Authentication and Key Agreement Scheme Preserving User Anonymity in Global Mobile Networks

  • Prosanta Gope
  • Tzonelih Hwang


Rapid development of wireless networks brings about many security problems in mobile communications. In this regard, designing a secure user authentication scheme, especially for recognizing legal roaming users is indeed a challenging task. Recently, Wen et al. proposed such scheme, which is claimed to be a slight modification of Qi et al.’s protocol based on smart card. However, we reveal that both the schemes still suffer from certain weaknesses and thus they cannot achieve desired security. Therefore, here we propose an improved protocol of Wen et al. which can immune to various known types of attacks like forgery attack, replay attack, known session key attack, backward and forward secrecy etc.


Authentication Anonymity Roaming Privacy  Untraceability Smart card Global mobile network 



This work is financially supported by the National Science Council of Republic of China (Taiwan), under Contract No. NSC MOST 103-2221-E-006-177. The authors would like to thank the National Science Council of Republic of China for their benign supports. The authors also would like thank the editor and the anonymous referee for their valuable comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan, ROC

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