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An Improved Channel Estimation in a TD-SCDMA System Based on the Threshold of Detect Energy and its Performance Analysis

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Abstract

B. Steiner estimator used in the time-division synchronous code-division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) system is a low cost estimator. The precision of the estimated channel impulse responses (CIRs) is affected by noises in the channel, which result in worse performance of the estimation. For the reason that there are many threshold processing algorithms based on Steiner algorithm, the optimal threshold value becomes a crucial factor. In this paper, based on statistical information of channel in the data field, an improved channel estimation algorithm is proposed by detecting energy of CIR’s tap in time-domain, and the amplitude of estimated channel impulse response is adjusted by a gain coefficient. Simulation results prove the validity of the proposed technique for channel estimation good performance. Additionally, it is shown that the improved estimators outperform traditional channel estimators.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their thorough review and constructive suggestions, which significantly helped to improve the quality of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Tongliang Fan.

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Fan, T., Huang, S., Sun, Y. et al. An Improved Channel Estimation in a TD-SCDMA System Based on the Threshold of Detect Energy and its Performance Analysis. Wireless Pers Commun 82, 1773–1787 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-015-2312-7

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Keywords

  • TD-SCDMA
  • Channel estimation
  • Detect energy
  • Threshold processing