Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 77, Issue 4, pp 3051–3079 | Cite as

Vertical Handover Solutions Over LTE-Advanced Wireless Networks: An Overview

  • A. M. Miyim
  • Mahamod Ismail
  • Rosdiadee Nordin


The convergence of multitude radio access networks forming a cluster of seamless heterogeneous wireless environment has made the wireless communication industry meet the paradigm of always best connected, where various mobile devices are able to access numerous types of applications and services. However, achieving such landmarks could not be possible without difficulties which this paper tries to highlight some of the technical challenges underlying seamless vertical handover. It provides a general overview of the mobility management process including a brief on multi-homing mobility protocol and focuses on vertical handover decision making techniques, hi ghlighting some radio interface standar and analysed some handover approaches. The paper proposes fast intelligent inter-layer network selection as a new handover approach to select the best network among the candidate networks, where Quality of Service, handover delay and improved data bit rates are set to be achieved.


Inter-layer network selection Vertical handover decision algorithm Multihoming Heterogeneous wireless networks Mobility management protocols 



This research work is sponsored by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) under the project code: DPP-006-2013. The authors wish to thank the sponsor for the funding and support. The authors equally thank the reviewers for their professionalism and useful comment to improve the quality of the work while reviewing the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Miyim
    • 1
  • Mahamod Ismail
    • 1
  • Rosdiadee Nordin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical, Electronics and Systems EngineeringUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia

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