Recently, various efforts from both industry and academia are being performed on specifying distributed mobility management (DMM). One of the early and promising network-based DMM proposals is dynamic mobility anchoring (DMA). This paper carries out a performance analysis on DMA in terms of mobility costs and handover performance, comparing it with proxy mobile IPv6 (PMIPv6). For the cost analysis, we consider signaling, processing, data packet delivery, and tunneling costs. For the handover analysis, we consider handover latency, handover failure probability, and handover packet loss as performance metrics. The impacts of several parameters on the mobility costs and handover performance are investigated. The results show that DMA outperforms PMIPv6 significantly in optimizing the network resources consumption as well as the mobility management performance.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Dynamic mobility anchoring
Distributed mobility management
Domain name system
Fully qualified domain name
Local mobility anchor
Mobile access gateway
Mobility capable access router
Proxy binding acknowledgement
Proxy binding update
Proxy mobile IPv6
IETF RFC 5213 (Aug. 2008). Proxy mobile IPv6.
IETF DMM WG. http://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/dmm/charter/.
Chan, H. A., Yokota, H., Xie, J., Seite, P., & Liu, D. (Feb. 2011). Distributed and dynamic mobility management in mobile internet: Current approaches and issues. Journal of Communications.
Ali-Ahmad, H. , Ouzzif, M., Bertin, P., & Lagrange, X. (June 2013). Distributed mobility management: Approaches and analysis. IEEE ICC-R2S.
Bertin, P., Bonjour, S., & Bonnin, J. M. (Nov. 2008). A distributed dynamic mobility management scheme designed for flat IP architectures. IEEE/IFIP NTMS.
Bertin, P., Bonjour, S., & Bonnin, J. M. (Nov–Dec. 2009). Distributed or centralized mobility? IEEE GLOBECOM.
Seite, P., & Bertin, P. (July 2012). Distributed mobility anchoring. IETF draft-seite-dmm-dma-05 (work in progress).
Ali-Ahmad, H., Ouzzif, M., Bertin, P., & Lagrange, X. (Sept. 2012). Comparative performance analysis on dynamic mobility anchoring and proxy mobile IPv6. IEEE: WPMC.
Lee, J. H., Ernst, T., & Chung, T. M. (May 2010). Cost analysis of IP mobility management protocols for consumer mobile devices. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics.
Pack, S., Shen, X., & Mark, J. W. (Aug. 2007.) Adaptive route optimization in hierarchical mobile IPv6 networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing.
Gohar, M., & Koh, S. J. (Jan. 2012). Network-based distributed mobility control in localized mobile LISP networks. IEEE Communications Letters.
Ali-Ahmad, H., Lagrange, X., Ouzzif, M. , & Bertin, P. (June 2013). Cost analysis on global mobility management schemes in IPv6 mobile networks, IEEE VTC.
Zhang, X., Castellanos, J. G., & Campbell, A. T. (Apr. 2002). P-MIP: Paging extensions for mobile IP. ACM Mobile Networks and Applications.
Lee, J. H., & Chung, T. M. (Aug. 2009). How much do we gain by introducing route optimization in proxy mobile IPv6 networks? Annals of Telecommunications; Springer.
IETF RFC 6275 (July 2011). Mobility support in IPv6.
IETF RFC 6097 (Feb. 2011). Local mobility anchor (LMA) discovery for proxy mobile IPv6.
Cisco Systems Inc. (Feb. 2010). Cisco visual networking index: Global mobile data traffic forecast update, 2009–2014.
IETF RFC 6705 (Sept. 2012). Localized routing for proxy mobile IPv6.
Jung, H., Gohar, M., Kim, J. I., & Koh, S. J. (Aug. 2011). Distributed mobility control in proxy mobile IPv6 networks. IEICE Transactions on Communications.
Ali-Ahmad, H., Ouzzif, M., Bertin, P., & Lagrange, X. (Apr. 2013). Distributed dynamic mobile IPv6: Design and evaluation, IEEE WCNC.
Akyildiz, I. F., & Wang, W. (Jan. 2002). A dynamic location management scheme for next-generation multitier PCS systems. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications.
Kleinrock, L. (1975). Queueing systems: Theory. New York: Wiley.
Fang, Y., & Chlamtac, I. (July 1999). Teletraffic analysis and mobility modeling for PCS networks. IEEE Transactions on Communications.
Fang, Y., Chlamtac, I., & Lin, Y. B. (June 1998). Channel occupancy times and handoff rate for mobile computing and PCS networks. IEEE Transactions on Computers.
McNair, J., Akyildiz, I. F., Bender, M. D. (Mar. 2000) An inter-system handoff technique for the IMT-2000 system. IEEE INFOCOM.
Yang, S., Zhou, H., Qin, Y., & Zhang, H. (June 2009). SHIP: Cross-layer mobility management scheme based on session initiation protocol and host identity protocol. Telecommunications Systems; Springer.
About this article
Cite this article
Ali-Ahmad, H., Ouzzif, M., Bertin, P. et al. Performance Analysis on Network-Based Distributed Mobility Management. Wireless Pers Commun 74, 1245–1263 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-013-1575-0
- Distributed mobility management
- Dynamic mobility anchoring
- Proxy mobile IPv6
- Performance analysis