Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 433–448 | Cite as

An Enhanced Hybrid LBS and Its Prototype for Supporting Backpackers in Beijing

  • Qiuhua Huang
  • Linyuan XiaEmail author
  • Dongjin Wu


With the development of economic and people’s living standards, more and more people join the ranks of backpackers, which have brought a lot of pressures to the society. It’s the emergence of an enhanced hybrid location-based services (LBS) to solve this problem. LBS are classified into three categories, i.e. Reactive LBS, Proactive LBS, and Hybrid LBS (H-LBS). The prototype of H-LBS for supporting backpackers in Beijing was discussed. There are several services to support backpackers by H-LBS, for example travel insurance services, tourism planning services, in which kernel density estimation was used to calculate the hotspots, and travel process support services.


Location-based services H-LBS Wireless communication Backpackers GIS 



This study is supported by the funding from National Natural Science Foundation of China (41071284) and Guangzhou Planning Project of Science & Technology (2010Y1-C711).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Remote Sensing and GIS EngineeringSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of City and Environment ScienceCity College of Dongguan University of TechnologyDongguanChina

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