Performance Comparison of Uncoded OFDM Systems with Trellis Shaping over Nonlinear Channels
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Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) can achieve remarkable performance in terms of spectral efficiency, but its power amplifier efficiency becomes poor because of its high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) nature of transmitted signals. Trellis shaping is an effective method to reduce peak and average power without signal distortion at the cost of transmitter complexity and its performance depends on the metric used for the trellis decoder. Several metrics, defined in either time or frequency domain, have been proposed in the literature. In many practical OFDM systems, however, slight nonlinearity is tolerable as long as the resulting distortion meets the system requirements such as bit error rate (BER) and spurious level of transmitted signals. In this paper, we make a thorough performance comparison of trellis-shaped uncoded OFDM systems with different metrics in terms of complexity, achievable PAPR, and resulting BER as well as power spectrum in a practical channel where the signal envelope is distorted by a power amplifier (PA). Our study shows that the metric designed in frequency domain is mostly favorable in such a scenario.
KeywordsOrthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) Bit error rate (BER) Trellis shaping (TS) Peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) Power amplifier (PA)
This work was supported in part by MEXT KAKENHI 23686058.
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