Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 72, Issue 1, pp 437–446 | Cite as

Double Delegation-Based Authentication and Key Agreement Protocol for PCSs

  • Hsia-Hung Ou
  • Min-Shiang HwangEmail author


Many protocols have been proposed for solving the user authentication in portable communication system. One of the schemes is based on the delegation concept. Home Location Register (HLR) delegates Mobile Station (MS) to be authenticated by Visitor Location Register (VLR). The main drawback of the scheme is that the HLR is required during the online authentication phase between VLR and MS. In this paper, a double delegation-based authentication and key agreement protocol is proposed. The main advantage of our protocol is that this scheme requires only MS and VLR online. This protocol will thoroughly utilize the proxy signature features to facilitate the operation of this protocol while only requires two members (MS, VLR) to be online at the same time.


Delegation Authentication Key agreement PCS  Mobile communication 



This study was supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan under grant NSC101-2221-E-179-001. The authors gratefully acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments.


  1. 1.
    Lee, W.-B., & Yeh, C.-K. (2008). A self-concealing mechanism for authentication of portable communication systems. International Journal of Network Security, 6(2), 285–290.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ou, H.-H., Hwang, M.-S., & Jan, J.-K. (2009). The UMTS-AKA protocols for intelligent transportation systems. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2009, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ou, H.-H., Hwang, M.-S., & Jan, J.-K. (2010). A provable billing protocol on the current UMTS. Wireless Personal Communications, 55, 551–556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ou, H.-H., Hwang, M.-S., & Jan, J.-K. (2010). A cocktail protocol with the authentication and key agreement on the UMTS. Journal of Systems and Software, 83, 316–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hwang, M.-S., Chong, S.-K., & Ou, H.-H. (2011). On the security of an enhanced UMTS authentication and key agreement protocol. European Transactions on Telecommunications, 22(3), 99–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yeh, C.-K., & Lee, W.-B. (2009). An overall cost-effective authentication technique for the global mobility network. International Journal of Network Security, 9(3), 227–232.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lee, C.-C., Hwang, M.-S., & Yang, W.-P. (2003). Extension of authentication protocol for GSM. IEE Proceedings V Communications, 150(2), 91–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lee, C.-H., Hwang, M.-S., Yang, W.-P. (1999). Enhanced privacy and authentication for the global system of mobile communications. Wireless Networks, 5, 231–243.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lee, W.-B., & Yeh, C.-K. (2005). A new delegation-based authentication protocol for use in portable communication systems. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 4, 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lee, C.-C., Lin, T.-C., Tzeng, S.-F., & Hwang, M.-S. (2011). Generalization of proxy signature based on factorization. International Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control, 7(3), 1039–1054.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lee, T.-F., Chang, S.-H., Hwang, T., & Chong, S.-K. (2009). Enhanced delegation-based authentication protocol for PCSs. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 8(5), 2166–6171.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tang, C., & Wu, D. (2008). An efficient mobile authentication scheme for wireless networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 7, 1408–1416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lee, C.-C., Hwang, M.-S., & Yang, W.-P. (2005). A new blind signature based on the discrete logarithm problem for untraceability. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 164, 837–841.MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moldovyan, N. A., & Moldovyan, A. A. (2010). Blind collective signature protocol based on discrete logarithm problem. International Journal of Network Security, 11(2), 106–113.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lee, C.-C., Hwang, M.-S., & Liao, I.-E. (2008). A new authentication protocol based on pointer forwarding for mobile communications. Wireless Communications & Mobile Computing, 8(5), 665–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee, C.-C., Liao, I.-E., & Hwang, M.-S. (2011). An efficient authentication protocol for mobile communications. Telecommunication Systems, 46(1), 31–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ou, H.-H., Lin, I.-C., & Hwang, M.-S. (2012). An effective AKA protocol for UMTS. International Journal of Mobile Communications, 10(4), 427–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Diffie, W., & Hellman, M. (1976). New directions in cryptography. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 22(6), 644–654.MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Das, M. L., Saxena, A., & Phatak, D. B. (2009). Algorithms and approaches of proxy signature: A survey. International Journal of Network Security, 9(3), 264–284.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mashhadi, S. (2012). A novel secure self proxy signature scheme. International Journal of Network Security, 14(1), 22–26.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mambo, M., Usuda, K., & Okamoto, E. (1996). Delegation of the power to sign messages. IEEE Transactions on Fundamentals, E79–A, 1338–1353.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu, J., & Li, J. (2010). A better improvement on the integrated Diffie-Hellman-DSA key agreement protocol. International Journal of Network Security, 11(2), 114–117.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Institute of International Sport AffairsNational Taiwan Sport UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and Information EngineeringAsia UniversityWufeng, TaichungTaiwan

Personalised recommendations