ProRec: a unified content caching and replacement framework for mobile edge computing

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In this paper, we investigate the content deployment problem from precaching and device-to-device communication perspectives. In the precaching stage, contents are prefetched and stored in edge nodes to be quickly provided to end users. In the device-to-device communication process, intermediate nodes face a dilemma in deciding whether to cache contents coming from or going to neighboring nodes to accelerate the content delivery. We call the former proactive caching and the latter reactive caching. We then design ProRec, a unified caching framework, by jointly considering the two cases with the goal of maximizing the content hit ratio. ProRec first addresses the optimization problem using the method of Lagrangian multipliers and obtains a general solution to the optimal content copies. Second, a greedy solution, proven to achieve the optimum with a probability of at least \(1-1/e\), is used to cache and replace contents. Finally, an edge computing simulation platform that includes real and synthetic traces is built as a case study to verify the effectiveness of ProRec. The numerical results show that it simultaneously improves the cache hit ratio and content delivery delay.

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    For the variable-sized file, they can be separated into multiple unit segments, each of which can be treated as a separate fragment and cached independently of each other. We assume that each segment has a fixed length b, and each segment can belong to a portion of a cacheable video file, audio or picture. In this case, each SBS can cache \(b_1/b\) segments/files [37, 38].

  3. 3.

    A similar assumption can be found in the recent work [51].


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This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants U1804164, 61902112 and U1404602, in part by the Science and Technology Foundation of Henan Educational Committee under Grants 19A510015, 20A520019 and 20A520020.

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Correspondence to Peiyan Yuan.

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Yuan, P., Cai, Y., Liu, Y. et al. ProRec: a unified content caching and replacement framework for mobile edge computing. Wireless Netw (2020) doi:10.1007/s11276-020-02248-9

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  • Proactive caching
  • Reactive caching
  • Cache hit ratio
  • Edge computing
  • D2D communication