Location-based services in wireless sensor networks demand precise information of locations of sensor nodes. Range-based localization, a problem formulated as a two-dimensional optimization problem, has been addressed in this paper as a multistage exercise using bio-inspired metaheuristics. A modified version of the shuffled frog leaping algorithm (MSFLA) has been developed for accurate sensor localization. The results of MSFLA have been compared with those of geometric trilateration, artificial bee colony and particle swarm optimization algorithms. Dependance of localization accuracies achieved by these algorithms on the environmental noise has been investigated. Simulation results show that MSFLA delivers the estimates of the locations over 30% more accurately than the geometric trilateration method does in noisy environments. However, they involve higher computational expenses. The MSFLA delivers the most accurate localization results; but, it requires the longest computational time.
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Authors gratefully acknowledge the support received from M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, India, and KLS Gogte Institute of Technology, Belagavi, India.
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Kulkarni, V.R., Desai, V. & Kulkarni, R.V. A comparative investigation of deterministic and metaheuristic algorithms for node localization in wireless sensor networks. Wireless Netw 25, 2789–2803 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-019-01994-9
- Artificial bee colony algorithm
- Particle swarm optimization algorithm
- Sensor localization
- Shuffled frog leaping algorithm
- Wireless sensor networks