Advertisement

ARQ-based cooperative spectrum sharing protocols for cognitive radio networks

  • Sema Saraç
  • Ümit Aygölü
Article
  • 74 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, we propose two cooperative spectrum sharing protocols for cognitive radio networks which consist of an automatic repeat request based primary user with a primary transmitter (PT) and a primary receiver (PR), and a bidirectionally communicating secondary user (SU) with two nodes, S1 and S2. PT transmits a packet to PR by accessing the spectrum alone or by the cooperation of SU or under the interference of SU in the underlay transmission, according to the acknowledgement/negative acknowledgement feedback from PR. The two protocols differ by the application of decode-and-forward and amplify-and-forward strategies at SU during cooperation. Analytical expressions are derived for the throughputs of both users for both protocols and the results are compared with the corresponding reference protocols given in the literature. The theoretical results which are in perfect match with the simulation results show the advantages of the proposed protocols.

Keywords

Cognitive radio Spectrum sharing Cooperative communication Automatic repeat request 

References

  1. 1.
    Akyildiz, I. F., Lee, W.-Y., Vuran, M. C., & Mohanty, S. (2008). A survey on spectrum management in cognitive radio networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 46(4), 40–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Saleem, Y., & Rehmani, M. H. (2014). Primary radio user activity models for cognitive radio networks: A survey. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 43, 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bukhari, S. H. R., Rehmani, M. H., & Siraj, S. (2016). A survey of channel bonding for wireless networks and guidelines of channel bonding for futuristic cognitive radio sensor networks. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 18(2), 924–948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ozger, M., & Akan, O. B. (2016). On the utilization of spectrum opportunity in cognitive radio networks. IEEE Communications Letters, 20(1), 157–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Akan, O. B., Karli, O. B., & Ergul, O. (2009). Cognitive radio sensor networks. IEEE Network, 23(4), 34–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Biglieri, E., Goldsmith, A., Greenstein, L., Mandayam, N., & Poor, V. (2012). Principles of Cognitive Radio. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Luo, L., Zhang, P., Zhang, G., & Qin, J. (2011). Outage performance for cognitive relay networks with underlay spectrum sharing. IEEE Communications Letters, 15(7), 710–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guo, Y., Kang, G., Zhang, N., Zhou, W., & Zhang, P. (2010). Outage performance of relay-assisted cognitive radio system under spectrum sharing constraints. IEEE Electronics Letters, 46(2), 182–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moualeu, J. M., Hamouda, W., & Takawira, F. (2016). Performance of af relay selection with outdated channel estimates in spectrum-sharing systems. IEEE Communications Letters, 20(9), 1844–1847.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Das, P., Mehta, N. B., & Singh, G. (2015). Novel relay selection rules for average interference-constrained cognitive af relay networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 14(8), 4304–4315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Luo, S., & Teh, K. C. (2015). Amplify-and-forward based two-way relay arq system with relay combination. IEEE Communications Letters, 19(2), 299–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li, J. C. F., Zhang, W., Nosratinia, A., & Yuan, J. (2010). Opportunistic spectrum sharing based on exploiting ARQ retransmission in cognitive radio networks. In IEEE global telecommunications conference (GLOBECOM 2010), 2010 (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Levorato, M., Mitra, U., & Zorzi, M. (2012). Cognitive interference management in retransmission-based wireless networks. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 58(5), 3023–3046.MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Harsini, J. S., & Zorzi, M. (2014). Transmission strategy design in cognitive radio systems with primary ARQ control and QOS provisioning. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 62(6), 1790–1802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Michelusi, N., Popovski, P., Levorato, M., Simeone, O., & Zorzi, M. (2011). Cognitive transmissions under a primary ARQ process via backward interference cancellation. In 49th annual Allerton conference on communication, control, and computing (Allerton), 2011 (pp. 727–735).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dawei, W., Pinyi, R., Yichen, W., Qinghe, D., & Li, S. (2015). Interference cancellation based transmission strategy using primary ARQ for cooperative CRNS. In IEEE international conference on communication workshop (ICCW), 2015 (pp. 1003–1008).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cheng, S.-M., Ao, W. C., & Chen, K.-C. (2011). Efficiency of a cognitive radio link with opportunistic interference mitigation. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 10(6), 1715–1720.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Li, Q., Ting, S. H., Pandharipande, A., & Motani, M. (2012). Cooperate-and-access spectrum sharing with ARQ-based primary systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 60(10), 2861–2871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Touati, S., Boujemaa, H., & Abed, N. (2013). Cooperative ARQ protocols for underlay cognitive radio networks. In 21st European signal processing conference (EUSIPCO 2013) (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Saraç, S., & Aygölü, Ü. (2016). An ARQ-based protocol for cooperative spectrum sharing in underlay cognitive radio networks. In IEEE international black sea conference on communications and networking (BlackSeaCom), 2016 (pp. 1–5).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Laneman, J. N., Tse, D. N. C., & Wornell, G. W. (2004). Cooperative diversity in wireless networks: Efficient protocols and outage behavior. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 50(12), 3062–3080.MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringIstanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations