Advertisement

Wireless Networks

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 471–485 | Cite as

An OFDMA-based joint reservation and cooperation MAC protocol for the next generation WLAN

  • Yongping Zhang
  • Bo Li
  • Mao YangEmail author
  • Zhongjiang Yan
  • Xiaoya Zuo
Article

Abstract

The rapidly increasing use of mobile devices and the explosive growth of wireless traffic demands continuously drive the development of wireless networks. IEEE 802.11ax, as the emerging standard for the next generation wireless local area network (WLAN), aims to improve the network throughput in the densely deployed wireless networks. In the dense networks, the increased collisions for the large number of nodes and the inevitable transmission failures for aggregate interference and channel fading severely degrade the network throughput, posing an intractable challenge that urgently requires resolution. Channel reservation scheme that reduces the access collisions, and cooperative relay scheme that enhances the transmission reliability have consequently drawn considerable attention in recent years. Joint channel reservation and cooperation has been proved as a promising way to improve the network throughput in our recent study, but how to design a high-performance medium access control (MAC) protocol combined with reservation and cooperation for the next generation WLAN still remains an open issue. In this paper, we propose an orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) based joint reservation and cooperation MAC (OJRC-MAC) protocol for the next generation WLAN. The OJRC-MAC adopts the channel reservation scheme to reduce the access collisions, and enables the cooperative relay scheme to enhance the transmission reliability simultaneously. A resource unit based Markov model is introduced to analyze the network throughput, and the impacting factors on the throughput can be clarified by the derived closed-from expression. Simulation results validate the analytical results, and show that OJRC-MAC outperforms the basic uplink OFDMA-based random access (UORA), only reservation-enabled MAC (RES-MAC), and only cooperation-enabled MAC (COOP-MAC).

Keywords

Channel reservation Cooperative relay Medium access control The next generation WLAN IEEE 802.11ax 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundations of CHINA (Grant Nos. 61771390, 61271279, 61501373, and 61771392), the National Science and Technology Major Project (Grant No. 2016ZX03001018-004), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 3102017ZY018).

References

  1. 1.
    Cisco visual networking index: Global mobile data traffic forecast update, 2015–2020 (February 2016), http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/mobile-white-paper-c11-520862.html.
  2. 2.
    Part 11: Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications. In IEEE P802.11ax Draft 1.2 (April, 2017).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    IEEE 802.11 Task group AX: Status of project IEEE 802.11ax high efficiency WLAN (HEW) accessed (July 2015), http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgaxupdate.html.
  4. 4.
    Deng, D.-J., Lien, S.-Y., Lee, J., & Chen, K.-C. (2016). On quality-of-service provisioning in IEEE 802.11ax WLANs. IEEE Access, 4, 6086–6104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Omar, H. A., Abboud, K., Cheng, N., Malekshan, K. R., Gamage, A. T., & Zhuang, W. (2016). A survey on high efficiency wireless local area networks: Next generation WiFi. IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 18(4), 2315–2344. (Fourth Quarter 2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bellalta, B. (2016). IEEE 802.11ax: High-efficiency WLANS. IEEE Wireless Communications, 23(1), 38–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Qu, Q., Li, B., Yang, M., Yan, Z. (2015). An OFDMA based concurrent multiuser MAC for upcoming IEEE 802.11ax. In 2015 IEEE wireless communications and networking conference workshops (WCNCW) (pp. 136–141), (March 2015).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choi, J., Yoo, J., Choi, S., & Kim, C. (2005). EBA: An enhancement of the IEEE 802.11 DCF via distributed reservation. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 4(4), 378–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li, B., Tang, W., Zhou, H., & Zhang, H. (2008). m-DIBCR: MAC protocol with multiple-step distributed in-band channel reservation. IEEE Communications Letters, 12(1), 23–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li, B., Li, W., Valois, F., Ubeda, S., Zhou, H., & Chen, Y. (2010). Performance analysis of an efficient MAC protocol with multiple-step distributed in-band channel reservation. IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology, 59(1), 368–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    He, Y., Sun, J., Yuan, R., & Gong, W. (2010). A reservation based backoff method for video streaming in 802.11 home networks. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 28(3), 332–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    He, Y., Sun, J., Ma, X., Vasilakos, A. V., Yuan, R., & Gong, W. (2013). Semi-random backoff: Towards resource reservation for channel access in wireless LANs. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 21(1), 204–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hasan, A., & Andrews, J. (2007). The guard zone in wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 6(3), 897–906.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang, Y., Li, B., Yang, M., & Yan, Z. (2015). Capacity analysis of wireless ad hoc networks with improved channel reservation. In 2015 IEEE wireless communications and networking conference (WCNC) (pp. 1189–1194), (March 2015).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chakraborty, T., & Misra, I. S. (2015). Design and analysis of channel reservation scheme in cognitive radio networks. Computers and Electrical Engineering, 42, 148–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ju, P., Song, W., & Zhou, D. (2013). Survey on cooperative medium access control protocols. IET Communications, 7(9), 893–902.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu, P., Tao, Z., Narayanan, S., Korakis, T., & Panwar, S. (2007). CoopMAC: A cooperative MAC for wireless LANs. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 25(2), 340–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhu, H., & Cao, G. (2006). rDCF: A relay-enabled medium access control protocol for wireless ad hoc networks. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 5(9), 1201–1214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shan, H., Cheng, H., & Zhuang, W. (2011). Cross-layer cooperative MAC protocol in distributed wireless networks. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 10(8), 2603–2615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Song, W., Ju, P., Jin, A.-L., & Cheng, Y. (2015). Distributed opportunistic two-hop relaying with backoff-based contention among spatially random relays. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 64(5), 2023–2036.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lu, M.-H., Steenkiste, P., & Chen, T. (2012). Opportunistic retransmission in WLANs. IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 11(12), 1953–1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cao, B., Feng, G., Li, Y., & Wang, C. (2014). Cooperative media access control with optimal relay selection in error-prone wireless networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 63(1), 252–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sheu, J., Chang, J., Ma, C., & Leong, C. (2013). A cooperative MAC protocol based on 802.11 in wireless Ad hoc networks. In 2013 IEEE wireless communications and networking conference (WCNC) (pp. 416–421), Shanghai, (April 2013).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang, Y., Li, B., Yang, M., & Yan, Z. (2016). Capacity analysis of dense wireless networks with joint optimization of reservation and cooperation. In 2016 IEEE wireless communications and networking conference (WCNC) (pp. 2461–2466), (April 2016).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang, Y., Li, B., Yang, M., Yan, Z., Zuo, X. & Qu, Q. (2017). AJRC: An ALOHA-based joint reservation and cooperation MAC protocol for dense wireless networks. In 2017 IEEE wireless communications and networking conference (WCNC) (pp. 1–6), (March 2017).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lin, W., Li, B., Yang, M., Qu, Q., Yan, Z., Zuo, X. & Yang, B. (2016). Integrated link-system level simulation platform for the next generation WLAN-IEEE 802.11ax. In 2016 IEEE global communications conference (GLOBECOM) (pp. 1–7), (December 2016)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liu, J. et al. (2014). IEEE 802.11ax channel model document. In IEEE 802.11 ax Task Group, (September 2014).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Porat, R. et al. (2016). IEEE 11ax evaluation methodology. In IEEE 802.11 ax Task Group, (January 2016).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongping Zhang
    • 1
  • Bo Li
    • 1
  • Mao Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhongjiang Yan
    • 1
  • Xiaoya Zuo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronics and InformationNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations