Wireless Networks

, Volume 23, Issue 7, pp 2281–2288 | Cite as

How significant is the assumption of the uniform channel phase distribution on the performance of spatial multiplexing MIMO system?

  • Raed MeslehEmail author
  • Osamah S. Badarneh
  • Abdelhamid Younis
  • Fares S. Almehmadi


Spatial multiplexing (SMX) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems are promising candidates to enhance the achievable throughput and the overall spectral efficiency in future wireless systems. Performance studies of these systems over different channel conditions assume simplified models for the channel phase distribution. This paper highlights the impact of the channel phase distribution assumption on the performance of SMX MIMO systems. The Nakagami-m and the \(\eta -\mu\) fading channels are considered in this study. In existing literature, performance studies of SMX MIMO systems over Nakagami-m fading channel assume uniform phase distribution. Though, it has been reported recently that the Nakagami-m channel phase distribution is not uniform. In this article, we show that the assumption of the channel phase distribution has a major impact on the performance of SMX MIMO systems. The obtained results demonstrate that the performance of SMX MIMO systems significantly varies with different channel phase distributions. Furthermore, it is shown that uniform assumption of channel phase distribution is incorrect and leads to erroneous conclusions. Detailed performance analysis for more accurate channel models are provided and results are sustained through Monte-Carlo simulations.


Channel phase distribution Spatial multiplexing (SMX) Nakagami-m channel \(\eta -\mu\) channel Performance analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raed Mesleh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Osamah S. Badarneh
    • 2
  • Abdelhamid Younis
    • 3
  • Fares S. Almehmadi
    • 2
  1. 1.Communications Engineering Department, School of Computer Engineering and Information TechnologyGerman Jordanian UniversityAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Electrical Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of TabukTabukSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of BenghaziBenghaziLibya

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