In this paper, we propose Multi-channel EMBA (M-EMBA), efficient multihop broadcast for asynchronous multi-channel wireless sensor networks. Our scheme employs two channel-quality-aware forwarding policies of improved forwarder’s guidance and fast forwarding to improve multihop broadcast performance. The improved forwarder’s guidance allows forwarders to transmit broadcast messages with guidance to their receivers through channels with good quality. The guidance indicates how each receiver should forward the broadcast message to its neighbor nodes. The improved forwarder’s guidance tremendously reduces redundant transmissions and collisions. Fast forwarding allows adjacent forwarders to send their broadcast messages simultaneously through different channels that have good quality, which helps to reduce multihop broadcast latency and improve multi-channel broadcast utility. In this work, we evaluate the multihop broadcast performance of M-EMBA through theoretical analysis of the system design and empirical simulation-based analysis. We implement M-EMBA in ns-2 and compare it with the broadcast schemes of ARM, EM-MAC, and MuchMAC. The performance results show that M-EMBA outperforms these protocols in both light and heavy network traffic. M-EMBA reduces message cost in terms of goodput, total bytes transmitted, as well as broadcast redundancy and collision. M-EMBA also achieves a high broadcast success ratio and low multihop broadcast latency. Finally, M-EMBA significantly improves energy efficiency by reducing average duty cycle.
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This work was supported by the National Re- search Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 2014R1A2A2-A01006957) and IT R&D program of MKE/KEIT [10041244, SmartTV 2.0 Software Platform].
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Jang, I., Pyeon, D., Yoon, H. et al. Channel-quality-aware multihop broadcast for asynchronous multi-channel wireless sensor networks. Wireless Netw 22, 2143–2158 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-015-1088-8
- Wireless sensor networks
- Multihop broadcast
- Asynchronous duty-cycling