Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

MIMO solution for performance improvements of OFDM–CDMA system with pilot tone


In this paper, MIMO OFDM–CDMA downlink scheme is proposed as a solution for improving performance of the OFDM–CDMA downlink system with pilot tone and threshold detection combining (optimum TDC). The new presented system with MIMO included uses space–time block coding applied to two, three and four transmit antennas and it has an arbitrary number of receive antennas. Bit error rate performance in the case of Ricean frequency selective fading is evaluated for the original system as well as for the one with MIMO included. For that reason an adequate simulation model is developed. The results show that the proposed system significantly outperforms the OFDM–CDMA downlink system with pilot tone and optimum TDC.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9


  1. 1.

    Sao, T., & Adachi, F. (2002). Pilot-aided threshold detection combining for OFDM–CDMA downlink transmission in a frequency selective fading channel. IEICE transactions on communications, E85-B, No. 12, 2816–2826.

  2. 2.

    Veljovic, Z., Pejanovic, M., & Radusinovic, I. (2005). Performance analysis of a new OFDM–CDMA system with pilot tone for multimedia communications. IEICE transactions on communications, E88-B, No. 8, 3480–3483.

  3. 3.

    Urosevic, U., Veljovic, Z., Kocan, E. (2011). BER performance of MIMO OFDM–CDMA system in Ricean fading channel: Proceedings of EUROCON conference in Lisbon, Portugal (pp. 27–29).

  4. 4.

    Hara, S., & Prasad, R. (2003). Multicarrier techniques for 4 g mobile communications. Norwood, MA: Artech House.

  5. 5.

    Jafarkhani, H. (2005). Space-time coding, theory and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  6. 6.

    Kühn, V. (2006). Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels—Applications to CDMA and Multiple Antenna Systems (pp. 278–289). Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley.

  7. 7.

    Urosevic, U., Veljovic, Z., Pejanovic-Djurisic, M. (2012). MISO Model for Improving Performance of OFDM–CDMA System with Pilot Tone: Proceedings of IEEE WTS 2012 in London, UK.

Download references


The results presented in this paper are part of the “Improving the concept of MIMO communications in cellular networks of the next generations” research project, funded by Montenegrin Ministry of Science.

Author information

Correspondence to Ugljesa Urosevic.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Urosevic, U., Veljovic, Z. & Pejanovic-Djurisic, M. MIMO solution for performance improvements of OFDM–CDMA system with pilot tone. Wireless Netw 19, 2021–2028 (2013).

Download citation


  • MIMO
  • OFDM
  • CDMA
  • BER performance