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Biological aspects and biotechnological potential of marine diatoms in relation to different light regimens

  • Costanza Baldisserotto
  • Alessandra Sabia
  • Lorenzo Ferroni
  • Simonetta PancaldiEmail author
Review
  • 80 Downloads

Abstract

As major primary producers in marine environments, diatoms are considered a valuable feedstock of biologically active compounds for application in several biotechnological fields. Due to their metabolic plasticity, especially for light perception and use and in order to make microalgal production more environmentally sustainable, marine diatoms are considered good candidates for the large-scale cultivation. Among physical parameters, light plays a primary role. Even if sunlight is cost-effective, the employment of artificial light becomes a winning strategy if a high-value microalgal biomass is produced. Several researches on marine diatoms are designed to study the influence of different light regimens to increase biomass production enriched in biotechnologically high-value compounds (lipids, carotenoids, proteins, polysaccharides), or with emphasised photonic properties of the frustule.

Keywords

Biotechnological application Cultivation methods Light Marine diatoms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the University of Ferrara, Italy.

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Costanza Baldisserotto
    • 1
  • Alessandra Sabia
    • 1
  • Lorenzo Ferroni
    • 1
  • Simonetta Pancaldi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly

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