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Fermentative hydrogen production from low-value substrates

  • Ahmed H. S. Hassan
  • Thorsten Mietzel
  • Ruth Brunstermann
  • Sebastian Schmuck
  • Jens Schoth
  • Marco Küppers
  • Renatus Widmann
Review
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Hydrogen is a promising energy source that is believed to replace the conventional energy sources e.g. fossil fuels over years. Hydrogen production methods can be divided into conventional production methods which depend mainly on fossil fuels and alternative production methods including electrolysis of water, biophotolysis and fermentation hydrogen production from organic waste materials. Compared to the conventional methods, the alternative hydrogen production methods are less energy intensive and negative-value substrates i.e. waste materials can be used to produce hydrogen. Among the alternative methods, fermentation process including dark and photo-fermentation has gained more attention because these processes are simple, waste materials can be utilized, and high hydrogen yields can be achieved. The fermentation process is affected by several parameters such as type of inoculum, pH, temperature, substrate type and concentration, hydraulic retention time, etc. In order to achieve optimum hydrogen yields and maximum substrate degradation, the operating conditions of the fermentation process must be optimized. In this review, two routes for biohydrogen production as dark and photo-fermentation are discussed. Dark/photo-fermentation technology is a new approach that can be used to increase the hydrogen yield and improve the energy recovery from organic wastes.

Keywords

Biohydrogen Dark fermentation Dark/photo-fermentation systems Hydrogen production rate Hydrogen yield Photo-fermentation 

Abbreviations

ABR

Anaerobic baffled reactor

AFBR

Anaerobic fluidized bed reactor

CH4

Methane

CO2

Carbon dioxide

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

CSTR

Continuous stirring tank reactor

DF

Dark fermentation

DO

Dissolved oxygen

ΔG

Gibbs free energy

H2

Hydrogen

H2 yield

Hydrogen yield

HAc

Acetic acid

HBu

Butyric acid

HHV

Higher heating value

HPr

Propionic acid

HPR

Hydrogen production rate

LHV

Lower heating value

MFCs

Microbial fuel cells

NPs

Nanoparticles

OLR

Organic loading rate

ORP

Oxidation reduction potential

PBBR

Pack bed biofilm reactor

PNSB

Purple non-sulfur bacteria

TWW

Textile wastewater

UASB

Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket

VFAs

Volatile fatty acids

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Urban Water and Waste Management Department, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Duisburg-EssenEssenGermany
  2. 2.Water Pollution Research DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt

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