Characterization of a novel cold-active xylanase from Luteimonas species
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Biotechnological application of xylanolytic enzymes is normally hindered by their temperature-dependent catalytic property. To satisfy the industrial demands, xylanases that can perform catalysis under cold condition are attracting attention. In this study, the biochemical properties of a predicted xylanase (laXynA) encoded in the genome of marine bacterium Luteimonas abyssi XH031T were characterized. Structure modeling and structure-based sequence alignment indicated that laXynA belongs to the glycoside hydrolase family 10, and it is 20–26% identical to other characterized cold-active xylanases in the same family. Recombinant laXynA was successfully produced in Escherichia coli system by autoinduction and purified by Ni-affinity chromatography. The isolated enzyme showed an optimum temperature of 30 °C toward beechwood xylan and retained important percentage of optimal activity at low temperatures (64, 55, and 29% at 10, 5, and 0 °C, respectively). A remarkable characteristic of laXynA was extreme halophilicity as demonstrated by fourfold enhancement on xylanase activity at 0.5 M NaCl and by maintaining nearly 100% activity at 4 M NaCl. Thin layer chromatography analysis demonstrated that laXynA is an endo xylanase. This study is the first to report the over-expression and characterization of a cold-active xylanase from Luteimonas species. The enzymatic property revealed the cold-active nature of laXynA. The enzyme is a promising candidate in saline food processing application.
KeywordsBeechwood xylan Cold-active Luteimonas species Halophilic Xylanase
This work was supported by the Science and Technology Supporting Programme of Wuhan Science and Technology Bureau (Grant Number 2016020101010084).
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