Fixation of carbon dioxide by a hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium for value-added products
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With rapid technology progress and cost reduction, clean hydrogen from water electrolysis driven by renewable powers becomes a potential feedstock for CO2 fixation by hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria. Cupriavidus necator (formally Ralstonia eutropha), a representative member of the lithoautotrophic prokaryotes, is a promising producer of polyhydroxyalkanoates and single cell proteins. This paper reviews the fundamental properties of the hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium, the metabolic activities under limitation of individual gases and nutrients, and the value-added products from CO2, including the products with large potential markets. Gas fermentation and bioreactor safety are discussed for achieving high cell density and high productivity of desired products under chemolithotrophic conditions. The review also updates the recent research activities in metabolic engineering of C. necator to produce novel metabolites from CO2.
KeywordsCarbon dioxide fixation Bioproducts Cell factory Gas fermentation Cupriavidus necator Hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria
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