The use of fungicides is common in mushroom cultivation, but no study was carried out applying reduced doses of fungicides in order to increase yield, taking account the hormesis effect. The aim of this manuscript was to verify the effects of different concentrations of fungicides to stimulate the productivity of different strains of Agaricus bisporus. Two stages were developed, an in vitro study to define the best concentration to be applied in the second experiment an agronomic study, which consisted of the application of the selected fungicides, in their respective concentrations, in an experiment carried out in the mushroom chamber. Clearly, the result of the hormesis effect on mushroom cultivation can be verified. The results obtained in the 1st stage of the study (in vitro) were not always reproduced in the 2nd stage of the study (in vivo). The kresoxim methyl active ingredient may be an important chemical agent, while strain ABI 15/01 may be an extremely important biological agent to increase yield in the study of hormesis effects.
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We would like to thank the Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo for financial support (FAPESP 14/18680-0).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Zied, D.C., Dourado, F.A., Dias, E.S. et al. First study of hormesis effect on mushroom cultivation. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 33, 195 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-017-2342-2
- Agaricus bisporus
- White button mushroom