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World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 31, Issue 10, pp 1575–1586 | Cite as

The high reutilization value potential of high-salinity anchovy fishmeal wastewater through microbial degradation

  • Juan Gerardo Santoyo Figueroa
  • Hyun Yi Jung
  • Gwi-Taek Jeong
  • Joong Kyun KimEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

To provide an option for the reutilization of high-salinity anchovy fishmeal wastewater (FMW), generated during the anchovy fishmeal manufacturing processes, its potential for biodegradation was assessed in 1-l five-neck flasks using a halotolerant and proteolytic microbial consortium. During the first 41 h of biodegradation, the pH, DO, ORP, and dry-sludge weight decreased as the total cell number of the microbial consortium increased steadily; the CODCr/TN ratios remained between 4.0 and 5.5, respectively, indicating the stable metabolic degradation of organic matter. The ORP tended to increase after 41 h, and the unpleasant fishy smell disappeared once positive ORP values were achieved. The removal percentages of CODCr and TN were 59.0 and 54.4 %, respectively, and the dry-sludge weight decreased from 115.5 to 68.0 g, with a degradation rate of 0.59 g h−1, during the 80 h experiment. The supernatant from the culture of the anchovy FMW at 70 h (culture supernatant) was phytotoxin-free, and the level of total amino acids was 8.04 g 100 g−1, comparable to that of commercial fertilizers. In hydroponic cultures containing red bean and barley, the culture supernatant demonstrated a good fertilizing ability. The culture supernatant also exhibited a high degree of antioxidant activity, with a 52.3 % hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity and 0.16 reducing power (at OD 700 nm). Moreover, the culture supernatant inhibited DNA damage from hydroxyl radicals, enhancing the reutilization value of anchovy FMW. This report presents the first description of high-salinity anchovy FMW possessing a high reutilization value potential both for agriculture and medicine.

Keywords

Reutilization value Anchovy fishmeal wastewater Liquid fertilizer Antioxidant activity DNA-protective activity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by a grant from KOICA (Korea International Cooperation Agency).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Gerardo Santoyo Figueroa
    • 1
  • Hyun Yi Jung
    • 1
  • Gwi-Taek Jeong
    • 1
  • Joong Kyun Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology and BioengineeringPukyong National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

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