Effect of octanal on the mycelial growth of Penicillium italicum and P. digitatum
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The present study investigated the antifungal activity of octanal against Penicillium italicum and P. digitatum. Results showed that octanal exhibited strong antifungal activity against the test pathogens in a dose-dependent manner. Scanning electron microscopy observation revealed that octanal obviously altered the morphology of P. italicum and P. digitatum hyphae by causing the loss of cytoplasm and distortion of mycelia. A rapid increase in the membrane permeability of P. italicum and P. digitatum was observed after treated with octanal at minimum inhibitory concentration or minimum fungicidal concentration, evidenced by the release of cell constituents, the extracellular conductivity and the extracellular potential of hydrogen. In addition, octanal apparently induced a decrease in total lipid contents of P. italicum and P. digitatum cells. These results suggested that the antifungal activity of octanal against P. italicum and P. digitatum can be attributed to the disruption of the cell membrane integrity and the leakage of cell components.
KeywordsAntifungal activity Cell membrane integrity Octanal P. digitatum P. italicum
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31271964), Research Foundation of Education Bureau of Hunan Province (No.12B126) and National University Student Innovation Programs of China (No. 201210530012).
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