Reactive blue 49 was removed from aqueous solution by biosorption using powder waste sludge composed of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from the beer-brewing industry. The effect of initial pH, temperature and the biosorption thermodynamics, equilibrium, kinetics was investigated in this study. It was found that the biosorption capacity was at maximum at initial pH 3, that the effect of temperature on biosorption of reactive blue 49 was only slight in relation to the large biosorption capacity (25°C, 361 mg g−1) according as the biosorption capacity decreased only 43 mg g−1 at the temperature increased from 25 to 50°C. The biosorption was spontaneous, exothermic in nature and the dye molecules movements decreased slightly in random at the solid/liquid interface during the biosorption of dye on biosorbents. The biosorption equilibrium data could be described by Freundich isotherm model. The biosorption rates were found to be consistent with a pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The functional group interaction analysis between waste beer yeast sludge and reactive blue 49 by the aid of Fourier transform infrared (abbr. FTIR) spectroscopy indicated that amino components involved in protein participated in the biosorption process, which may be achieved by the mutual electrostatic adsorption process between the positively charged amino groups in waste beer yeast sludge with negatively charged sulfonic groups in reactive blue 49.
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The authors are grateful to National Natural Science Foundation committee for providing financial support in the form of project entitled “Biosorption and its mechanism of new reactive dyes by microbiology-humic substance complex”.
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Wang, B., Guo, X. Reuse of waste beer yeast sludge for biosorptive decolorization of reactive blue 49 from aqueous solution. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 27, 1297–1302 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-010-0576-3
- Waste beer yeast sludge
- Reactive dye
- Biosorption thermodynamics
- Biosorption kinetics
- Biosorption isotherm