Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Reuse of waste beer yeast sludge for biosorptive decolorization of reactive blue 49 from aqueous solution

Abstract

Reactive blue 49 was removed from aqueous solution by biosorption using powder waste sludge composed of Saccharomyces cerevisiae from the beer-brewing industry. The effect of initial pH, temperature and the biosorption thermodynamics, equilibrium, kinetics was investigated in this study. It was found that the biosorption capacity was at maximum at initial pH 3, that the effect of temperature on biosorption of reactive blue 49 was only slight in relation to the large biosorption capacity (25°C, 361 mg g−1) according as the biosorption capacity decreased only 43 mg g−1 at the temperature increased from 25 to 50°C. The biosorption was spontaneous, exothermic in nature and the dye molecules movements decreased slightly in random at the solid/liquid interface during the biosorption of dye on biosorbents. The biosorption equilibrium data could be described by Freundich isotherm model. The biosorption rates were found to be consistent with a pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The functional group interaction analysis between waste beer yeast sludge and reactive blue 49 by the aid of Fourier transform infrared (abbr. FTIR) spectroscopy indicated that amino components involved in protein participated in the biosorption process, which may be achieved by the mutual electrostatic adsorption process between the positively charged amino groups in waste beer yeast sludge with negatively charged sulfonic groups in reactive blue 49.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Aksu Z, Dönmez G (2003) A comparative study on the biosorption characteristics of some yeasts for Remazol Blue reactive dye. Chemosphere 50:1075–1083

  2. Chen C, Wang J (2010) Removal of heavy metal ions by waste biomass of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Envir Engrg 136:95–102

  3. Dai QW, Dong FQ, Zhang W (2009) Biosorption of lead ions on dried waste beer yeast and analysis by FTIR. Spectrosc Spect Anal 29:1788–1792

  4. Gulnaz O, Kaya A, Dincer S (2006) The reuse of dried activated sludge for adsorption of reactive dye. J Hazard Mater 134:190–196

  5. Han RP, Bao GL, Zhu L (2004) Comparison of infrared spectra of native and esterified beer yeast. Spectrosc Spect Anal 24:820–822

  6. Marques PASS, Rosa MF, Pinheiro HM (2000) pH effects of the removal of Cu2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ from aqueous solution by waste brewery biomass. Bioproc Biosyst Eng 23:135–141

  7. Nagda GK, Ghole VS (2008) Utilization of lignocellulosic waste from bidi industry for removal of dye from aqueous solution. Int J Environ Res 2:385–390

  8. Omar NB, Merroun ML, Peñalver JMA et al (1997) Comparative heavy metal biosorption study of brewery yeast and Myxococcus xanthus biomass. Chemosphere 35:2277–2283

  9. Özer A, Akkaya G, Turabik M (2006a) Biosorption of Acid Blue (AB 290) and Acid Blue 324 (AB 324) dyes on Spirogyra rhizopus. J Hazard Mater 135:355–364

  10. Özer A, Akkaya G, Turabik M (2006b) The removal of Acid Red 274 from wastewater: Combined biosorption and biocoagulation with Spirogyra rhizopus. Dye Pigment 71:83–89

  11. Parvathi K, Nagendran R (2008) Functional groups on waste beer yeast involved in chromium biosorption from electroplating effluent. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 24:2865–2870

  12. Robinson T, McMullan G, Marchant R et al (2001) Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative. Bioresour Technol 77:247–255

  13. Safarik I, Ptackova L, Safarikova M (2002) Adsorption of dyes on magnetically labeled baker’s yeast cells. Eur Cell Mater 3:52–55

  14. Sivarajasekar N, Baskar R, Balakrishnan V (2009) Biosorption of an azo dye from aqueous solutions onto Spirogyra. J Univ Chem Technol Metall 44:157–164

  15. Tian L, Wang H, Zhang Y et al (2007) Comprehensive utilization of beer waste in the brewage process. Agric Eng Technol 5:36–42

  16. Vijayaraghavan K, Yun YS (2007) Utilization of fermentation waste (Corynebacterium glutamicum) for biosorption of reactive black 5 from aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 141:45–52

  17. Vinod VP, Anirudhan TS (2003) Adsorption behaviour of basic dyes on the humic acid immobilized pillared clay. Water Air Soil Pollut 150:193–217

  18. Wang BE, Hu YY, Xie L et al (2008) Biosorption behavior of azo dye by inactive CMC immobilized Aspergillus fumigatus beads. Bioresour Technol 99:794–800

  19. Won SW, Choi SB, Chung BW et al (2004) Biosorptive decolorization of reactive orange 16 using the waste biomass of Corynebacterium glutamicum. Ind Eng Chem Res 43:7865–7869

  20. Won SW, Kim HJ, Choi SB et al (2006a) Performance, kinetics and equilibrium in biosorption of anionic dye reactive black 5 by the waste biomass of Corynebacterium glutamicum as a low-cost biosorbent. Chem Eng J 121:37–43

  21. Won SW, Choi SB, Yun YS (2006b) Performance and mechanism in binding of reactive orange 16 to various types of sludge. Biochem Eng J 28:208–214

  22. Yavuz H, Denizli A, Güngüneş H et al (2006) Biosoption of mercury on magnetically modified yeast cells. Sep Purif Technol 52:253–260

  23. Zhang JJ (2008) The extraction of protein form waste beer yeast putty. J Hebei Polytech Univ (Na Sci) 30:92–95

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to National Natural Science Foundation committee for providing financial support in the form of project entitled “Biosorption and its mechanism of new reactive dyes by microbiology-humic substance complex”.

Author information

Correspondence to Baoe Wang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wang, B., Guo, X. Reuse of waste beer yeast sludge for biosorptive decolorization of reactive blue 49 from aqueous solution. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 27, 1297–1302 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-010-0576-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Biosorption
  • Waste beer yeast sludge
  • Reactive dye
  • Biosorption thermodynamics
  • Biosorption kinetics
  • Biosorption isotherm