In a screening program for isolation of thermophilic lipase-producing bacteria, a number of thermophilic bacteria were isolated from desert soil from Baltim, Egypt. Among 55 isolates, a potent bacterial candidate (starin-5) was characterized and identified by biochemical and PCR techniques, based on 16S rRNA sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed its closeness to geobacilli especially the thermophilic Geobacillus stearothermophilus with optimal growth and lipolytic enzyme activity at 60°C and pH 7.0. An inducible nature of lipolytic enzyme synthesis using glycerol and glucose was demonstrated. Approximately, 94–100% of the original activity was retained due to thermal stability of the crude enzyme after heat treatment for 15 min at 30–60°C. The enzyme retained 84.84% of its original activity during incubation at 70°C (pH 8.0) for 15 min. Lipase enzyme from G. stearothermophilus strain-5 was immobilized on various carriers and the most suitable carrier was chitin that showed 73.03% of activity yield.
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M. Sifour is very grateful to the “Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Algeria” for its financial support.
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Berekaa, M.M., Zaghloul, T.I., Abdel-Fattah, Y.R. et al. Production of a novel glycerol-inducible lipase from thermophilic Geobacillus stearothermophilus strain-5. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 25, 287–294 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-008-9891-3
- Geobacillus stearothermophilus
- Production of lipase
- Thermostable lipase