Isolation of micropropagated strawberry endophytic bacteria and assessment of their potential for plant growth promotion
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Twenty endophytic bacteria were isolated from the meristematic tissues of three varieties of strawberry cultivated in vitro, and further identified, by FAME profile, into the genera Bacillus and Sphingopyxis. The strains were also characterized according to indole acetic acid production, phosphate solubilization and potential for plant growth promotion. Results showed that 15 strains produced high levels of IAA and all 20 showed potential for solubilizing inorganic phosphate. Plant growth promotion evaluated under greenhouse conditions revealed the ability of the strains to enhance the root number, length and dry weight and also the leaf number, petiole length and dry weight of the aerial portion. Seven Bacillus spp. strains promoted root development and one strain of Sphingopyxis sp. promoted the development of plant shoots. The plant growth promotion showed to be correlated to IAA production and phosphate solubilization. The data also suggested that bacterial effects could potentially be harnessed to promote plant growth during seedling acclimatization in strawberry.
KeywordsAuxin production Phosphate solubilization In vitro cultivation Fragaria ananassa
We thank the Agroceres for supplying material and infra-structure for the laboratory of microbiology, locates at Univas (Pouso Alegre, MG, Brazil). We also thank Capes and CNPq for grants supplying for authors. In addition, we thank Francisco D. Andreote for technical supplying and critical discussions about the article.
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