Antimicrobial activity of saponin fractions of the leaves of Gymnema sylvestre and Eclipta prostrata
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The antimicrobial activity of saponin fractions from the leaves of Gymnema sylvestre and Eclipta prostrata was evaluated against pathogenic bacteria and fungi in an in vitro condition. A series of concentrations of crude and pure saponin fractions were tested for antimicrobial activity by zone of inhibition method. The pure saponin fractions were found to be more effective against tested bacterial pathogens when compared to crude saponin fractions. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) exhibited by the pure saponin fraction of G. sylvestre was found to be in the range of 600–1,200 mg/l against bacterial strains and 1,400 mg/l for fungal isolates. In the case of E. prostrata, the range was 1,000–1,200 mg/l for bacteria and 1,400 mg/l for fungal isolates. The susceptibility of bacterial pathogens for saponin fractions was in the order of P. aeruginosa, E. coli, S. typhi, K. pneumoniae, P. mirablis, S. aureus and for fungal pathogens A. fumigatus followed by A. niger and A. flavus. Whereas, A. niger was more susceptible to inhibition by E. prostrata saponin fractions, followed by A. flavus and A. fumigatus. The antimicrobial potential of saponin fractions was compared with antibiotics, Chloramphenicol and Amphotericin-B with respect to bacteria and fungi. The present study suggests that the saponin fractions G. sylvestre and E. prostrata possess significant antibacterial and antifungal activity. Our results further suggest that saponins of G. sylvestre and E. prostrata can be used as a potential fungicide against pathogenic fungi.
KeywordsAntimicrobial activity Crude saponin Pure saponin Antifungal susceptibility testing Minimum inhibitory concentration
The authors wish to thank the management of VIT University for providing necessary facilities for completion of this study.
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