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World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 21, Issue 8–9, pp 1409–1414 | Cite as

Identification and Kinetic Characteristics of an Indigenous Diesel-degrading Gordonia alkanivorans Strain

  • Chiu-Chung Young
  • Ta-Chen Lin
  • Mao-Song Yeh
  • Fo-Ting Shen
  • Jo-Shu ChangEmail author
Article

Summary

An indigenous strain Gordonia alkanivorans CC-JG39 was isolated from oil-contaminated sludge of a local gas station located in central Taiwan. The bacterial isolate was able to grow on diesel-containing Bushnell–Haas medium and also tolerate various chemical additives frequently used in petroleum products (e.g. BETX, methyl-tert-butyl ether, and naphthalene). Kinetics of diesel-limited cell growth and biodegradation of diesel followed a Monod-type model. The kinetic constants for cell growth (μmax and KS,G) were 0.158 h−1 and 3196 mg/l, respectively, while those for biodegradation of diesel (vmax, diesel and KS,D) were 3.59 mg/h/mg cell and 2874 mg/l, respectively. G. alkanivorans CC-JG39 produced extracellular surface-active material, leading to a low surface tension of nearly 33 mN/m. The CC-JG39 strain also possessed the ability to float towards the oil/water interface. These features might play some roles in enhancing the mass transfer efficiency between oil substrate and the bacterial cells. Therefore, G. alkanivorans CC-JG39 may have potential applications in bioremediation of oil pollution sites.

Keywords

Biodegradation biosurfactant diesel oil floating activity Gordonia alkanivorans 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiu-Chung Young
    • 1
  • Ta-Chen Lin
    • 2
  • Mao-Song Yeh
    • 3
  • Fo-Ting Shen
    • 1
  • Jo-Shu Chang
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Soil and Environmental SciencesNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

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