Advertisement

Wetlands Ecology and Management

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 479–487 | Cite as

Dormant Season Prescribed Fire as a Management Tool for the Control of Salix caroliniana Michx. in a Floodplain Marsh

  • Mary Ann B. Lee
  • Kenneth L. Snyder
  • Patricia Valentine-Darby
  • Steven J. Miller
  • Kimberli J. Ponzio
Article

Abstract

Expansion of woody species into herbaceous wetlands is a serious concern in wetland management. Prescribed fire is often used as a tool to manage woody species, although many species resprout after fire making control problematic. In this study, we assessed the usefulness of repeated dormant season fires for controlling Salix caroliniana (Michx.) in a floodplain marsh in Florida. Salix is a common shrub in southeastern marshes that resprouts prolifically after fire. We compared stem basal area, stem density, and cover of Salix in three adjacent sites in a floodplain marsh in east central Florida. One site was burned once in February 1997, another site was burned in February 1997 and then again in March 1999 and one site was left unburned. At the unburned site, Salix stem basal area, stem density, and cover increased over the course of the study. In the two burned sites, the first fire destroyed large diameter stems and stimulated production of sprouts. As a result, stem basal area and cover decreased but stem density remained unchanged. The second fire caused a decline in stem density and a further decline in cover. Changes in understory species composition and cover could not be attributed to the fires. Our results suggest that dormant season fires are effective in reducing Salix cover and basal area, and that repeated fires have greater effects than a single fire.

Key words

fire resprouting Salix caroliniana willow shrubs succession 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ansley R.J. and Jacoby P.W. 1998. Manipulation of fire intensity to achieve mesquite management goals in north Texas. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference, No. 20, pp. 195–204.Google Scholar
  2. Argus, G.W. 1986The genus Salix (Salicacea) in the southeastern United StatesSyst. Bot. Mono.91170Google Scholar
  3. Bellingham, P.J., Sparrow, A.D. 2000Resprouting as a life history strategy in woody plant communitiesOikos89409416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bowen, B.J., Pate, J.S. 1993The significance of root starch in post-fire shoot recovery of the resprouter Stirlingia latifolia R. Br. (Protaeceae)Ann. Bot.72716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clark, D.L., Wilson, M.V. 2001Firemowing, and hand-removal of woody species in restoring a native wetland prairie in the Willamette Valley of OregonWetlands21135144Google Scholar
  6. Craighead, F.C. 1971The trees of south Florida. Vol. 1: the natural environments and their successionUniversity of Miami PressCoral Gables, FL, USAGoogle Scholar
  7. Cypert, E. 1973Plant succession on burned areas in Okefenokee Swamp following fires of 1954 and 1955Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference12119217Google Scholar
  8. Drewa, P.B., Platt, W.J., Moser, E.B. 2002Fire effects on resprouting of shrubs in headwaters of southeastern longleaf pine savannasEcology8755767Google Scholar
  9. Florida Natural Areas Inventory and Department of Natural Resources1990Guide to the Natural Communities of FloridaFlorida Natural Areas Inventory and Department of Natural ResourcesTallahassee FL, USAGoogle Scholar
  10. Forthman, C.A. 1973The effects of prescribed burning on sawgrass, Cladium jamaicense Crantz, in South FloridaUniversity of MiamiMiamiFL, USAMasters thesis.Google Scholar
  11. Hall, G.B. 1987Establishment of minimum surface water requirements for the Greater Lake Washington BasinTechnical Publication SJ 87-3St. Johns River Water Management DistrictPalatkaFL, USAGoogle Scholar
  12. Hanowski, J.M., Christian, D.P., Nelson, M.C. 1999Response of breeding birds to shearing and burning in wetland brush ecosystemsWetlands19584593Google Scholar
  13. Hermann, S., Phernetton, R.A., Carter, A., Gooch, T. 1991Fire and vegetation in peat-based marshes of the coastal plain: Examples from the Okefenokee and Great Dismal SwampsProceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference17217234Google Scholar
  14. Herndon, A., Taylor, D. 1986Response of a Muhlenbergia prairie to repeated burning: changes in above-ground biomassNational Park ServiceSouth Florida Research CenterEverglades National ParkHomesteadFL, USAReport SFRC-86/05.Google Scholar
  15. Howe, H.F. 1994aManaging species diversity in tallgrass prairie: assumptions and implicationsCons. Biol.8691704CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Howe, H.F. 1994bResponse of early- and late-flowering plants to fire season in experimental prairiesEcol. Appl.4121133Google Scholar
  17. Kinser, P., Lee, M.A., Dambek, G., Williams, M., Ponzio, K., Adamus, C. 1997Expansion of willows in the Blue Cypress Marsh Conservation AreaUpper St. Johns River BasinWater Resources DepartmentSt. Johns River Water Management DistrictPalatkaFL, USATechnical Memorandum No. 22Google Scholar
  18. Kost, M.A., De Steven, D. 2000Plant community responses to prescribed burning in Wisconsin sedge meadowsNat. Areas J.203645Google Scholar
  19. Kushlan, J.A. 1990Freshwater marshesMyers, R.L.Ewel, J.J. eds. Ecosystems of FloridaUniversity of Central Florida PressOrlandoFL, USA324362Google Scholar
  20. Lee, M.A., Ponzio, K.J., Ormiston, B.G. 1995Fire effects and fire management in the upper St. Johns River basin marshFloridaTall Timbers Research StationTallahasseeFL124150Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology ConferenceVol. 19.Google Scholar
  21. Lowe, E.F., Brooks, J.E., Fall, C.J., Gerry, L.R., Hall, G.B. 1984U.S. EPA Clean Lakes ProgramPhase I diagnostic – feasibility study of the Upper St. Johns River chain of lakes. Vol. 1. Diagnostic studyTechnical Publication SJ 84-15, St. Johns River Water Management DistrictPalatkaFLGoogle Scholar
  22. Middleton, B. 2002Winter burning and the reduction of Cornus sericea in sedge meadows in southern WisconsinRestor. Ecol.10723730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Miller, S.J., Ponzio, K.J., Lee, M.A., Keenan, L.W., Miller, S.R. 1998The use of fire in wetland preservation and restoration: are there risks?Tall Timbers Research StationTallahasseeFL127139Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology ConferenceVol. 20.Google Scholar
  24. Pendergrass, K.L., Miller, P.M., Kauffman, J.B. 1998Prescribed fire and the response of woody species in Willamette Valley wetland prairiesRestor. Ecol.6303311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Robbins, L.E., Myers, R.L. 1992Seasonal effects of prescribed burning in Florida: a reviewTall Timbers ResearchInc Miscellaneous Publication No. 8Tallahassee, FLGoogle Scholar
  26. Rooney, S.C. 1990Fire suppresses woody vegetation in fens (Maine)Restor. Manag. Notes840Google Scholar
  27. Schmalzer, P.A., Hinkle, C.R., Mailander, J.L. 1991Changes in community composition and biomass in Juncus roemerianus Scheele and Spartina bakeri Merr. marshes one year after a fireWetlands116786Google Scholar
  28. Taylor, K.L., Grace, J.B., Guntenspergen, G.R., Foote, A.L. 1993Effects of fire and herbivory in an intermediate marsh community, Little LakeLouisianaLandin, M.C. eds. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Conference of the Society of Wetland ScientistsSouth Central ChapterSociety of Wetland ScientistsUticaMI289291Google Scholar
  29. Terry, S.W., White, L.D. 1979Southern wax-myrtle response following winter prescribed burning in south FloridaJ. Range Manag.32326327Google Scholar
  30. VanArman, J., Goodrick, R. 1979Effects of fire on a Kissimmee River marshFl. Sci.42183195Google Scholar
  31. Vila, M., Terradas, J. 1995Effects of competition and disturbance on the reprouting performance of the Mediterranean shrub Erica multiflora L. (Ericaceae)Am. J. Bot.8212411248Google Scholar
  32. Wade, D., Ewel, J., Hofstetter, R. 1980Fire in South Florida ecosystemsU.S. Department of AgricultureU.S. Forest ServiceWashington, DC, USAForest Service General Technical Report SE-17.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Ann B. Lee
    • 1
  • Kenneth L. Snyder
    • 1
  • Patricia Valentine-Darby
    • 1
    • 2
  • Steven J. Miller
    • 1
  • Kimberli J. Ponzio
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Environmental SciencesSt. Johns River Water Management DistrictPalatkaUSA
  2. 2.Ecology & Environment, Inc.PensacolaUSA

Personalised recommendations