Advertisement

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:288 | Cite as

Behaviors of Structural Fe(II) of Nontronite and Aqueous Fe(II) on Cr(VI) Removal in the Presence of Citrate

  • Chujia Ye
  • Fenglian FuEmail author
Article
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Structural Fe(II) in clay minerals and aqueous Fe(II) is known to reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III), but the behaviors of structural Fe(II) and aqueous Fe(II) on Cr(VI) removal in presence of organic acid are poorly understood. The objective of this study is to reveal the relationships between structural Fe of nontronite (NAu-2), aqueous Fe(II), and citrate on Cr(VI) removal. The effects of aqueous Fe(II) and citrate on Cr(VI) removal by NAu-2 were studied. The results indicated that aqueous Fe(II) and citrate can enhance the Cr(VI) removal. The aqueous Fe(II) formed the Fe-Cr precipitates on the surface of NAu-2, while the citrate can inhibit the formation of Fe-Cr precipitates. The NAu-2 before and after reaction was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The Cr(VI) removal by NAu-2 in presence of aqueous Fe(II) and citrate was by adsorption and reduction. The citrate induced the dissolution of NAu-2 and accelerated the structural Fe(III)/Fe(II) redox cycle in the NAu-2, while the aqueous Fe(II) formed the Fe-citrate complex in the solution and competed with structural Fe for citrate. This paper suggested that the structural Fe and aqueous Fe(II) played different roles on Cr(VI) removal in presence of citrate.

Keywords

Cr(VI)  Nontronite  Citrate  Ferrous ion  Redox cycle 

Notes

Funding Information

This research was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51978174), Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2018A030313099), and Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province (No. 2016A020221032).

References

  1. Aharchaou, I., Py, J. S., Cambier, S., Loizeau, J. L., Cornelis, G., Rousselle, P., et al. (2018). Chromium hazard and risk assessment: new insights from a detailed speciation study in a standard test medium. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 37(4), 983–992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barrera-Díaz, C. E., Lugo-Lugo, V., & Bilyeu, B. (2012). A review of chemical, electrochemical and biological methods for aqueous Cr(VI) reduction. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 223-224, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bibi, I., Khan, N., Choppala, G., & Burton, E. D. (2018). Chromium(VI) removal by siderite (FeCO3) in anoxic aqueous solutions: an X-ray absorption spectroscopy investigation. Science of the Total Environment, 640-641, 1424–1431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Biesinger, M. C., Brown, C., Mycroft, J. R., Davidson, R. D., & Mcintyre, N. S. (2004). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of chromium compounds. Surface and Interface Analysis, 36, 1550–1563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bishop, M. E., Glasser, P., Dong, H., Arey, B., & Kovarik, L. (2014). Reduction and immobilization of hexavalent chromium by microbially reduced Fe-bearing clay minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 133, 186–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buerge, I. J., & Hug, S. J. (1997). Kinetics and pH dependence of chromium(VI) reduction by iron(II). Environmental Science and Technology, 31(5), 1426–1432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buerge, I. J., & Hug, S. J. (1998). Influence of organic ligands on chromium(VI) reduction by iron(II). Environmental Science and Technology, 32(14), 2092–2099.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chon, C. M., Kim, J. G., & Moon, H. S. (2006). Kinetics of chromate reduction by pyrite and biotite under acidic conditions. Applied Geochemistry, 21(9), 1469–1481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cuadros, J., Šegvić, B., Dekov, V., Michalski, J. R., & Baussà Bardají, D. (2018). Electron microscopy investigation of the genetic link between Fe oxides/oxyhydroxides and nontronite in submarine hydrothermal fields. Marine Geology, 395, 247–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Deng, B., Lan, L., Houston, K., & Brady, P. V. (2003). Effects of clay minerals on Cr(VI) reduction by organic compounds. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 84(1-2), 5–18.Google Scholar
  11. Diao, Z. H., Xu, X. R., Liu, F. M., Sun, Y. X., Zhang, Z. W., Sun, K. F., et al. (2015). Photocatalytic degradation of malachite green by pyrite and its synergism with Cr(VI) reduction: performance and reaction mechanism. Separation and Purification Technology, 154, 168–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Doğaroğlu, Z. G., & Kantar, C. (2016). Reductive immobilization of chromium in soils containing heterogeneous Fe-bearing minerals. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 25(8), 857–867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Eary, L. E., & Rai, D. (1988). Chromate removal from aqueous wastes by reduction with ferrous ion. Environmental Science and Technology, 22(8), 972–977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frost, R. L., Kloprogge, J. T., & Ding, Z. (2002). Near-infrared spectroscopic study of nontronites and ferruginous smectite. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 58(8), 1657–1668.Google Scholar
  15. Gan, M., Li, J., Sun, S., Ding, J., Zhu, J., Liu, X., & Qiu, G. (2018). Synergistic effect between sulfide mineral and acidophilic bacteria significantly promoted Cr(VI) reduction. Journal of Environmental Management, 219, 84–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gao, W., Yan, J., Qian, L., Han, L., & Chen, M. (2018). Surface catalyzing action of hematite (α-Fe2O3) on reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) by citrate. Environmental Technology and Innovation, 9, 82–90.Google Scholar
  17. Gong, Y., Gai, L., Tang, J., Fu, J., Wang, Q., & Zeng, E. Y. (2017). Reduction of Cr(VI) in simulated groundwater by FeS-coated iron magnetic nanoparticles. Science of the Total Environment, 595, 743–751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gröhlich, A., Langer, M., Mitrakas, M., Zouboulis, A., Katsoyiannis, I., & Ernst, M. (2017). Effect of organic matter on Cr(VI) removal from groundwaters by Fe(II) reductive precipitation for groundwater treatment. Water, 9(6), 389.Google Scholar
  19. Hu, Q., Sun, J., Sun, D., Tian, L., Ji, Y., & Qiu, B. (2018). Simultaneous Cr(VI) bio-reduction and methane production by anaerobic granular sludge. Bioresource Technology, 262, 15–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Huang, M., Zhou, T., Wu, X., & Mao, J. (2017). Distinguishing homogeneous-heterogeneous degradation of norfloxacin in a photochemical Fenton-like system (Fe3O4/UV/oxalate) and the interfacial reaction mechanism. Water Research, 119, 47–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Huang, M., Xiang, W., Zhou, T., Mao, J., Wu, X., & Guo, X. (2019). The critical role of the surface iron-oxalate complexing species in determining photochemical degradation of norfloxacin using different iron oxides. Science of The Total Environment, 697, 134220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jaisi, D. P., Kukkadapu, R. K., Eberl, D. D., & Dong, H. (2005). Control of Fe(III) site occupancy on the rate and extent of microbial reduction of Fe(III) in nontronite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69(23), 5429–5440.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jaisi, D. P., Dong, H., & Morton, J. P. (2008a). Partitioning of Fe(II) in reduced nontronite (NAu-2) to reactive sites: Reactivity in terms of Tc(VII) reduction. Clays and Clay Minerals, 56(2), 175–189.Google Scholar
  24. Jaisi, D. P., Liu, C., Dong, H., Blake, R. E., & Fein, J. B. (2008b). Fe2+ sorption onto nontronite (NAu-2). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(22), 5361–5371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Joe-Wong, C., Brown, G. E., & Maher, K. (2017). Kinetics and products of chromium(VI) reduction by iron(II/III)-bearing clay minerals. Environmental Science and Technology, 51(17), 9817–9825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kantar, C. (2016). Role of low molecular weight organic acids on pyrite dissolution in aqueous systems: implications for catalytic chromium(VI) treatment. Water Science and Technology, 74(1), 99–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kantar, C., & Bulbul, M. S. (2016). Effect of pH-buffering on Cr(VI) reduction with pyrite in the presence of various organic acids: continuous-flow experiments. Chemical Engineering Journal, 287, 173–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kantar, C., Ari, C., & Keskin, S. (2015). Comparison of different chelating agents to enhance reductive Cr(VI) removal by pyrite treatment procedure. Water Research, 76, 66–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Koshy, N., & Singh, D. N. (2016). Fly ash zeolites for water treatment applications. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 4(2), 1460–1472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kwak, S., Yoo, J. C., Moon, D. H., & Baek, K. (2018). Role of clay minerals on reduction of Cr(VI). Geoderma, 312, 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kypritidou, Z., & Argyraki, A. (2018). A multi-site mechanism model for studying Pb and Cu retention from aqueous solutions by Fe-Mg-rich clays. Clay Minerals, 53(2), 175–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lan, Y., Li, C., Mao, J., & Sun, J. (2008). Influence of clay minerals on the reduction of Cr6+ by citric acid. Chemosphere, 71(4), 781–787.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Li, Y., Liang, J., He, X., Zhang, L., & Liu, Y. (2016). Kinetics and mechanisms of amorphous FeS2 induced Cr(VI) reduction. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 320, 216–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Li, J., Zhonglin, C., Jimin, S., Binyuan, W., & Leitao, F. (2017). Influence of phosphate, citrate and nitrilotriacetic acid on the removal of aqueous hexavalent chromium by zero-valent iron at circumneutral pH. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 80, 269–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Liu, X., Dong, H., Yang, X., Kovarik, L., Chen, Y., & Zeng, Q. (2018). Effects of citrate on hexavalent chromium reduction by structural Fe(II) in nontronite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 343, 245–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mishra, P. M., Naik, G. K., Nayak, A., & Parida, K. M. (2016). Facile synthesis of nano-structured magnetite in presence of natural surfactant for enhanced photocatalytic activity for water decomposition and Cr(VI) reduction. Chemical Engineering Journal, 299, 227–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Neumann, A., Olson, T. L., & Scherer, M. M. (2013). Spectroscopic evidence for Fe(II)-Fe(III) electron transfer at clay mineral edge and basal sites. Environmental Science and Technology, 47(13), 6969–6977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Nezar, S., Cherifi, Y., Barras, A., Addad, A., Dogheche, E., Saoula, N., et al. (2019). Efficient reduction of Cr(VI) under visible light irradiation using CuS nanostructures. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 12(2), 215–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pettine, M., D’Ottone, L., Campanella, L., Millero, F. J., & Passino, R. (1998). The reduction of chromium(VI) by iron(II) in aqueous solutions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62(9), 1509–1519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rengaraj, S., Yeon, K. H., & Moon, S. H. (2001). Removal of chromium from water and wastewater by ion exchange resins. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 87(1-3), 273–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rogers, C. M., Burke, I. T., Ahmed, I. A. M., & Shaw, S. (2014). Immobilization of chromate in hyperalkaline waste streams by green rusts and zero-valent iron. Environmental Technology, 35(4), 508–513.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stucki, J. W. (2011). A review of the effects of iron redox cycles on smectite properties. Comptes Rendus - Geoscience, 343(2-3), 199–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sun, J., Mao, J. D., Gong, H., & Lan, Y. (2009). Fe(III) photocatalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by low-molecular-weight organic acids with α-OH. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 168(2-3), 1569–1574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Suzuki, S., Yanagihara, K., & Hirokawa, K. (2000). XPS study of oxides formed on the surface of high-purity iron exposed to air. Surface and Interface Analysis, 30(1), 372–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Tian, X., Gao, X., Yang, F., Lan, Y., Mao, J. D., & Zhou, L. (2010). Catalytic role of soils in the transformation of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) in the presence of organic acids containing α-OH groups. Geoderma, 159(3-4), 270–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wilson, J. A., Demis, J., Pulford, I. D., & Thomas, S. (2001). Sorption of Cr(III) and Cr(VI) by natural (bone) charcoal. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 23(3), 291–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Xiang, W., Zhou, T., Wang, Y., Huang, M., Wu, X., Mao, J., et al. (2019). Catalytic oxidation of diclofenac by hydroxylamine-enhanced Cu nanoparticles and the efficient neutral heterogeneous-homogeneous reactive copper cycle. Water Research, 153, 274–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yang, J. W., Tang, Z. S., Guo, R. F., & Chen, S. Q. (2008). Soil surface catalysis of Cr(VI) reduction by citric acid. Environmental Progress, 27(3), 302-307.Google Scholar
  49. Yang, J., Kukkadapu, R. K., Dong, H., Shelobolina, E. S., Zhang, J., & Kim, J. (2012). Effects of redox cycling of iron in nontronite on reduction of technetium. Chemical Geology, 291, 206–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Yuan, S., Liu, X., Liao, W., Zhang, P., Wang, X., & Tong, M. (2018). Mechanisms of electron transfer from structural Fe(II) in reduced nontronite to oxygen for production of hydroxyl radicals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 223, 422–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang, J., Yin, H., Samuel, B., Liu, F., & Chen, H. (2018). A novel method of three-dimensional hetero-spectral correlation analysis for the fingerprint identification of humic acid functional groups for hexavalent chromium retention. RSC Advances, 8(7), 3522–3529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhao, L., Dong, H., Kukkadapu, R. K., Zeng, Q., Edelmann, R. E., Pentrák, M., & Agrawal, A. (2015). Biological redox cycling of iron in nontronite and its potential application in nitrate removal. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(9), 5493–5501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhou, T., Zou, X., Mao, J., & Wu, X. (2016). Decomposition of sulfadiazine in a sonochemical Fe0-catalyzed persulfate system: parameters optimizing and interferences of wastewater matrix. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 185, 31–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringGuangdong University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations