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Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:264 | Cite as

Removal of Cu and Zn from Aqueous Solutions by Selected Tree Leaves with Phytoremediation Potential

  • Adnan M. MassadehEmail author
  • Saif Addeen A. Massadeh
Article

Abstract

In this study, some different selected plant leaves grown in Jordan such as Citrus limon (Rutaceae), Ceratonia siliqua L., Olea europaea (Oleaceae), Washingtonia filifera, and Myoporum (Myoporaceae) were examined for removal of copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) ions from aqueous solutions. Cu and Zn were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry. A pH S-2 acidometer was used for determining the acidity of leaves solution system. Our findings showed the plants leaves were relatively efficient for removal of Cu and Zn compared to activated carbon. Removal of a 5 mg/L aqueous metal solution of Cu and Zn was treated with 2.5 g oven-dried plant in a 50 mL deionized water. The removal of Cu and Zn was expressed in terms of a time function ranged between 0 and 192 hours of contact time. The uptake of Cu and Zn by plant leaves was arranged in the following order:
  1. (i)

    Cu: Activated carbon > Washingtonia filifera > Ceratonia siliqua L. > Olea europaea (Oleaceae) > Myoporum (Myoporaceae) > Citrus limon (Rutaceae)

     
  2. (ii)

    Zn: Activated carbon > Olea europaea (Oleaceae) > Citrus limon (Rutaceae) > Ceratonia siliqua L. > Washingtonia filifera > Myoporum (Myoporaceae)

     

Keywords

Copper Zinc Tree leaves Uptake AAS Analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to acknowledge the Deanship of Scientific Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology for providing facilities to perform this research.

Funding Information

This study was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy Faculty of PharmacyJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Jordanian Royal Medical ServicesAmmanJordan

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