Radionuclide Immobilization by Sorption onto Waste Concrete and Bricks—Experimental Design Methodology
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The utilization of construction and demolition waste materials for the radionuclide immobilization by sorption processes was investigated. Given that the liquid radioactive waste usually has a complex composition and that effects of competition may significantly influence the efficiency of the treatment, the Simplex Centroid experimental design was used to explore ions sorption from multi-component solutions. For the purpose of this study, the common components of construction and demolition waste, such as pathway concrete and different bricks samples, were used along with the multi-component Sr2+, Co2+, and Ni2+ ions solutions. The equations for the prediction of metal ions sorption capacities were derived. The coefficients that correspond to the linear and interaction terms were obtained using a special cubic model. Likewise, by analysis of variance, statistically significant terms of the obtained polynomial were defined. The investigation has shown that the most effective sorption was onto the pathway concrete for all three cations, while the highest sorption capacity was found for Co2+ ions. Also, it has been determined that concerning Sr2+ ion removal there was a competition with coexisting Co2+ and Ni2+ ions, reducing its sorption capacity, while sorption of Co2+ and Ni2+ occurred more independently on other cations in multi-component solutions. Based on the obtained results, the applied experimental design can be efficiently used for the description of competitive sorption process and could be a powerful tool for the prediction of cation immobilization in liquid radioactive waste treatment.
KeywordsLiquid radioactive waste Experimental design Sorption
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (Projects III 43009 and TR-34023).
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