Advertisement

Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:235 | Cite as

Photodegradation of Oxytetracycline in the Presence of Dissolved Organic Matter and Chloride Ions: Importance of Reactive Chlorine Species

  • Hui LiuEmail author
  • Xiaomei Zhu
  • Xiaoxing Zhang
  • Zhaowei Wang
  • Bing Sun
Article

Abstract

This paper investigated the photodegradation of oxytetracycline (OTC) in the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and chloride ions, which is relevant to the estuary environment. The separate effects of chloride ions and DOM on the photodegradation of OTC were first studied, and then, the combined effects were studied. The photodegradation of OTC showed a tendency to decrease with increasing DOM levels: a low concentration of DOM (< 2 mg/L) enhanced the degradation of OTC, and a high concentration of DOM (> 5 mg/L) inhibited it. The addition of chloride ions (10–500 mmol/L) to DOM solutions (20 mg/L) significantly increased the degradation rate of OTC. The observed promotion effects may be a consequence of the participation of reactive chlorine species. Quenching experiments verified that the main active species in the presence of chloride ions and DOM are radicals including Cl/Cl2•− and HO. These results indicate a promotion of OTC degradation in saline water compared with fresh water, and this finding is important to better understand the environmental fate of OTC in estuarine and coastal waters.

Keywords

Oxytetracycline Photodegradation Dissolved organic matter Salinity Reactive species 

Notes

Funding Information

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41576111, 41206095, 21407018) and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 3132013091).

Supplementary material

11270_2019_4293_MOESM1_ESM.docx (44 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 44 kb)

References

  1. al Housari, F., Vione, D., Chiron, S., & Barbati, S. (2010). Reactive photoinduced species in estuarine waters. Characterization of hydroxyl radical, singlet oxygen and dissolved organic matter triplet state in natural oxidation processes. Photochemical & Photobiological Science, 9, 78–86.Google Scholar
  2. Bao, Y. P., & Niu, J. F. (2015). Photochemical transformation of tetrabromobisphenol a under simulated sunlight irradiation: kinetics, mechanism and influencing factors. Chemosphere, 134, 550–556.Google Scholar
  3. Bautitz, I. R., & Nogueira, R. F. P. (2007). Degradation of tetracycline by photo-Fenton process—solar irradiation and matrix effects. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 187, 33–39.Google Scholar
  4. Bodhipaksha, L. C., Sharpless, C. M., Chin, Y. P., Sander, M., Langston, W. K., & Mackay, A. A. (2015). Triplet photochemistry of effluent and natural organic matter in whole water and isolates from effluent-receiving rivers. Environmental Science & Technology, 49, 3453–3463.Google Scholar
  5. Boreen, A. L., Arnold, W. A., & McNeill, K. (2004). Photochemical fate of sulfa drugs in the aquatic environment: sulfa drugs containing five-membered heterocyclic groups. Environmental Science & Technology, 38, 3933–3940.Google Scholar
  6. Brezonik, P. L., & Fulkerson-Brekken, J. (1998). Nitrate-induced photolysis in natural waters: controls on concentrations of hydroxyl radical photo-intermediates by natural scavenging agents. Environmental Science & Technology, 32, 3004–3010.Google Scholar
  7. Brigante, M., Minella, M., Mailhot, G., Maurino, V., Minero, C., & Vione, D. (2014). Formation and reactivity of the dichloride radical (Cl2 −•) in surface waters: a modelling approach. Chemosphere, 95, 464–469.Google Scholar
  8. Chen, Y., Hu, C., Qu, J. H., & Yang, M. (2008). Photodegratation of tetracycline and formation of reactive oxygen species in aqueous tetracycline solution under simulated sunlight irradiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 197, 81–87.Google Scholar
  9. Chen, Y., Li, H., Wang, Z. P., Tao, T., & Hu, C. (2011). Photoproducts of tetracycline and oxytetracycline involving self-sensitized oxidation in aqueous solutions: effects of Ca2+ and Mg2+. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 23, 1634–1639.Google Scholar
  10. Chen, L., Wang, Z., Wang, Z., & Gu, X. (2016). Influence of humic acid on the photolysis of Triclosan in different dissociation forms. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227, 318.Google Scholar
  11. Chianese, S., Iovino, P., Leone, V., Musmarra, D., & Prisciandaro, M. (2017). Photodegradation of Diclofenac sodium salt in water solution: effect of HA, NO3 and TiO2 on photolysis performance. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 228, 270.Google Scholar
  12. Chiron, S., Minero, C., & Vione, D. (2006). Photodegradation processes of the antiepileptic drug carbamazepine, relevant to estuarine waters. Environmental Science & Technology, 40, 5977–5983.Google Scholar
  13. Dong, B., & Hu, J. (2016). Photodegradation of the novel fungicide fluopyram in aqueous solution: kinetics, transformation products, and toxicity evolvement. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23, 19096−19106Google Scholar
  14. Dulaquais, G., Breitenstein, J., Waeles, M., Marsac, R., & Riso, R. (2018). Measuring dissolved organic matter in estuarine and marine waters: size-exclusion chromatography with various detection methods. Environmental Chemistry, 15, 436–449.Google Scholar
  15. Ge, L. K., Chen, J. W., Lin, J., & Cai, X. Y. (2009). Light-source-dependent effects of main water constituents on photodegradation of phenicol antibiotics: mechanism and kinetics. Environmental Science & Technology, 43, 3101–3107.Google Scholar
  16. Glover, C. M., & Rosario-Ortiz, F. L. (2013). Impact of halides on the photoproduction of reactive intermediates from organic matter. Environmental Science & Technology, 47, 13949–13956.Google Scholar
  17. Grebel, J. E., Pignatello, J. J., & Mitch, W. A. (2011). Sorbic acid as a quantitative probe for the formation, scavenging and steady-state concentrations of the triplet-excited state of organic compounds. Water Research, 45, 6535–6544.Google Scholar
  18. Grebel, J. E., Pignatello, J. J., & Mitch, W. A. (2012). Impact of halide ions on natural organic matter-sensitized photolysis of 17β-estradiol in saline waters. Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 7128–7134.Google Scholar
  19. Guerard, J. J., Miller, P. L., Trouts, T. D., & Chin, Y. P. (2009). The role of fulvic acid composition in the photosensitized degradation of aquatic contaminants. Aquatic Sciences, 71, 160–169.Google Scholar
  20. Hassett, J. P. (2006). Enhanced: dissolved natural organic matter as a microreactor. Science, 311, 1723–1724.Google Scholar
  21. Hua, X., Zhao, Z., Zhang, L., Dong, D., & Guo, Z. (2018). Role of dissolved organic matter from natural biofilms in oxytetracycline photodegradation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25, 30271−30280Google Scholar
  22. Jiao, S. J., Zheng, S. R., Yin, D. Q., Wang, L. H., & Chen, L. Y. (2008). Aqueous photolysis of tetracycline and toxicity of photolytic products to luminescent bacteria. Chemosphere, 73, 377–382.Google Scholar
  23. Jin, X., Xu, H. Z., Qiu, S. S., Jia, M. Y., Wang, F., Zhang, A. Q., & Jiang, X. (2017). Direct photolysis of oxytetracycline: influence of initial concentration, pH and temperature. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 332, 224–231.Google Scholar
  24. Latch, D. E., Stender, B. L., Packer, J. L., Arnold, W. A., & McNeill, K. (2003). Photochemical fate of pharmaceuticals in the environment: cimetidine and ranitidine. Environmental Science & Technology, 37, 3342–3350.Google Scholar
  25. Leal, J. F., Esteves, V. I., & Santos, E. B. H. (2016). Use of sunlight to degrade oxytetracycline in marine aquaculture's waters. Environmental Pollution, 213, 932–939.Google Scholar
  26. Li, K., Ayfer, Y., Yang, M., Sigurd, S., & Wong, M. H. (2008). Ozonation of oxytetracycline and toxicological assessment of its oxidation by-products. Chemosphere, 72, 473–478.Google Scholar
  27. Liu, H., Zhao, H. M., Quan, X., Zhang, Y. B., & Chen, S. (2009). Formation of chlorinated intermediate from bisphenol a in surface saline water under simulated solar light irradiation. Environmental Science & Technology, 43, 7712–7717.Google Scholar
  28. Liu, Y. Q., He, X. X., Duan, X. D., Fu, Y. S., Fatta-Kassinos, D., & Dionysiou, D. D. (2016). Significant role of UV and carbonate radical on the degradation of oxytetracycline in UV-AOPs: Kinetics and mechanism. Water Research, 95, 195–204.Google Scholar
  29. Matamoros, V., Duhec, A., Albaigés, J., & Bayona, J. M. (2009). Photodegradation of carbamazepine, ibuprofen, ketoprofen and 17aethinylestradiol in fresh and seawater. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 196, 161–168.Google Scholar
  30. Mylon Steven, E., Chen, K. L., & Elimelech, M. (2004). Influence of natural organic matter and ionic composition on the kinetics and structure of hematite colloid aggregation: Implications to iron depletion in estuaries. Langmuir, 20, 9000–9006.Google Scholar
  31. Niu, J. F., Li, Y., & Wang, W. L. (2013). Light-source-dependent role of nitrate and humic acid in tetracycline photolysis: kinetic and mechanism. Chemosphere, 92, 1423–1429.Google Scholar
  32. Parker, K. M., & Mitch, W. A. (2016). Halogen radicals contribute to photooxidation in coastal and estuarine waters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, 5868–5873.Google Scholar
  33. Parker, K. M., Reichwaldt, E. S., Ghadouani, A., & Mitch, W. A. (2016). Halogen radicals promote the photodegradation of microcystins in estuarine systems. Environmental Science & Technology, 50, 8505–8513.Google Scholar
  34. Pinto, M. I., Salgado, R., Laia, C. A. T., Cooper, W. J., Sontag, G., Burrows, H. D., Branco, L., Vale, C., & Noronh, J. P. (2018). The effect of chloride ions and organic matter on the photodegradation of acetamiprid in saline waters. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 360, 117–124.Google Scholar
  35. Prabhakaran, D., Sukul, P., Lamshof, M., Maheswari, M. A., Zuhlke, S., & Spiteller, M. (2009). Photolysis of difloxacin and sarafloxacin in aqueous systems. Chemosphere, 77, 739–746.Google Scholar
  36. Reyes, C., Fernandez, J., Freer, J., Mondaca, M. A., Zaror, C., Malato, S., & Mansilla, H. D. (2006). Degradation and inactivation of tetracycline by TiO2 photocatalysis. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 184, 141–146.Google Scholar
  37. Rubert, K. F., & Pedersen, J. A. (2006). Kinetics of oxytetracycline reaction with a hydrous manganese oxide. Environmental Science & Technology, 40, 7216–7221.Google Scholar
  38. Seto, Y., Ochi, M., Onoue, S., & Yamada, S. (2010). High-throughput screening strategy for photogenotoxic potential of pharmaceutical substances using fluorescent intercalating dye. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 52, 781–786.Google Scholar
  39. Vaughan, P. P., & Blough, N. V. (1998). Photochemical formation of hydroxyl radical by constituents of natural waters. Environmental Science & Technology, 32, 2947–2953.Google Scholar
  40. Vione, D., Maurino, V., Minero, C., Pelizzetti, E., Arrison, M. A. J., Olariu, R. I., & Arsene, C. (2006). Photochemical reactions in the tropospheric aqueous phase and on particulate matter. Chemical Society Reviews, 35, 441–453.Google Scholar
  41. Walse, S. S., Morgan, S. L., Kong, L., & Ferry, J. L. (2004). Role of dissolved organic matter, nitrate, and bicarbonate in the photolysis of aqueous fipronil. Environmental Science & Technology, 38, 3908–3915.Google Scholar
  42. Wang, X. H., & Lin, A. Y. C. (2014). Is the phototransformation of pharmaceuticals a natural purification process that decreases ecological and human health risks? Environmental Pollution, 186, 203–215.Google Scholar
  43. Watkinson, A. J., Murby, E. J., & Costanzo, S. D. (2007). Removal of antibiotics in conventional and advanced wastewater treatment: implications for environmental discharge and wastewater recycling. Water Research, 41, 4164–4176.Google Scholar
  44. Wenk, J., von Gunten, U., & Canonica, S. (2011). Effect of dissolved organic matter on the transformation of contaminants induced by excited triplet states and the hydroxyl radical. Environmental Science & Technology, 45, 1334–1340.Google Scholar
  45. Xia, X. H., Li, G. C., Yang, Z. F., Chen, Y. M., & Huang, G. H. (2009). Effects of fulvic acid concentration and origin on photodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in aqueous solution: importance of active oxygen. Environmental Pollution, 157, 1352–1359.Google Scholar
  46. Xu, J., Hao, Z. N., Guo, C. S., Zhang, Y., He, Y., & Meng, W. (2014). Photodegradation of sulfapyridine under simulated sunlight irradiation: kinetics,mechanism and toxicity evolvement. Chemosphere, 99, 186–191.Google Scholar
  47. Xuan, R., Arisi, L., Wang, Q., Yates, S. R., & Biswas, K. C. (2010). Hydrolysis and photolysis of oxytetracycline in aqueous solution. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, 45, 73–81.Google Scholar
  48. Zepp, R. G., Wolfe, N. L., Baughman, G. L., & Hollis, R. C. (1977). Singlet oxygen in natural waters. Nature, 267, 421–423.Google Scholar
  49. Zhang, K., & Parker, K. M. (2018). Halogen radical oxidants in natural and engineered aquatic systems. Environmental Science & Technology, 52, 9579–9594.Google Scholar
  50. Zhang, G. Y., Wu, B. D., & Zhang, S. Y. (2017). Effects of acetylacetone on the photoconversion of pharmaceuticals in natural and pure waters. Environmental Pollution, 225, 691–699.Google Scholar
  51. Zou, S. C., Xu, W. H., Zhang, R. J., Tang, J. H., Chen, Y. J., & Zhang, G. (2011). Occurrence and distribution of antibiotics in coastal water of the Bohai Bay, China: impacts of river discharge and aquaculture activities. Environmental Pollution, 159, 2913–2920.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina

Personalised recommendations