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Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:216 | Cite as

Uptake of Cd and Pb from Aqueous Solutions Using Selected Tree Leaves Through Phytoremediation

  • A. M. MassadehEmail author
  • H. A. Massadeh
Article

Abstract

Leaves of five selected plants Citrus limon (Rutaceae), Ceratonia siliqua L., Olea europaea (Oleaceae), Washingtonia filifera, and Myoporum (Myoporaceae) grown in Jordan were examined for removal of heavy metals (cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) ions) for aqueous solutions. Cd and Pb were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry. A pH S-2 acidometer was used for determining the acidity of leaves–solution systems. Results indicated that those plant leaves were efficient for removal of metals compared with the efficiency of activated carbon. Removal of a 5 mg/L aqueous metal solution of Cd and Pb was treated with 2.5 g of oven-dried plant in 50 mL deionized water. The metal removal was expressed as a function of time ranging between 0 and 192 h of contact time. The uptake of Cd and Pb by leaves of the plants was arranged in the following order: (i) for Cd, activated carbon > Olea europaea (Oleaceae) > Ceratonia siliqua L. > Washingtonia filifera > Citrus limon (Rutaceae) > Myoporum (Myoporaceae); (ii) for Pb, activated carbon > Olea europaea (Oleaceae) > Ceratonia siliqua L. > Washingtonia filifera > Citrus limon (Rutaceae) > Myoporum (Myoporaceae).

Keywords

Lead Cadmium Plant leaves Uptake AAS Analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors are grateful to the Deanship of Scientific Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology for providing facilities to perform this research.

Funding Information

This study was funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy Faculty of PharmacyJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan

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