Removal of Crystal Violet from Natural Water and Effluents Through Biosorption on Bacterial Biomass Isolated from Rhizospheric Soil

  • Brenda V. Canizo
  • Elizabeth Agostini
  • Ana L. Wevar Oller
  • Guilherme L. Dotto
  • Israel A. Vega
  • Leticia B. EscuderoEmail author


It was investigated the potential of Rhodococcus erythropolis AW3 as a biosorbent for the removal of crystal violet (CV) dye from natural water and real effluents. The biosorbent was characterized by flow cytometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy X-ray dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and point of zero charge (pHZPC). Batch biosorption experiments were performed to optimize different parameters involved in the biosorption process. The equilibrium was reached at 90 min at the optimum biosorbent dose of 0.50 g L−1 and pH of 9.0. Results indicated that Langmuir isotherm model was the most suitable to represent the experimental data, and the highest biosorption capacity was 289.8 mg g−1. Kinetic data were well fitted with the pseudo-second-order model. The thermodynamic study showed that the process was favorable, exothermic, and associated with an increase of entropy. Finally, it was demonstrated that the biosorption process using Rhodococcus erythropolis AW3 could be successfully applied to remove CV from natural water and effluents derived from clinical and industrial activities.


Crystal violet Rhodococcus erythropolis AW3 Biosorption Removal Natural water Industrial effluents 


Funding Information

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (FONCYT) (PICT–BID), and Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (Argentina).

Supplementary material

11270_2019_4235_MOESM1_ESM.docx (27 kb)
ESM_1 Kinetic and equilibrium models equations (DOCX 26 kb)
11270_2019_4235_MOESM2_ESM.docx (22 kb)
ESM_2 Thermodynamic parameters (DOCX 21 kb)
11270_2019_4235_MOESM3_ESM.docx (17 kb)
ESM_3 Coefficient of determination (R2) and average relative error (ARE) equations (DOCX 17 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brenda V. Canizo
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Agostini
    • 2
  • Ana L. Wevar Oller
    • 2
  • Guilherme L. Dotto
    • 3
  • Israel A. Vega
    • 4
  • Leticia B. Escudero
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Research and Development (QUIANID), Interdisciplinary Institute of Basic Sciences (ICB), UNCUYO–CONICET, Faculty of Natural and Exact SciencesNational University of CuyoMendozaArgentina
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología Molecular, FCEFQyNUniversidad Nacional de Río Cuarto–CONICETCórdobaArgentina
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentFederal University of Santa Maria−UFSMSanta MariaBrazil
  4. 4.IHEMUniversidad Nacional de Cuyo, CONICETMendozaArgentina

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