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Study of the Operation of a Continuous Modular Bioreactor Used for Treatment of Wastewater from a Recycling Industry of by-Products from Slaughterhouses

  • Alcides Tonhato JuniorEmail author
  • Camilo Freddy Mendoza Morejon
  • Salah Din Mahmud Hasan
Article
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

The objective of this paper was to present the operational performance of a bioreactor’s technology for treating wastewater from a recycling industry of by-products from slaughterhouses. In addition, it contributes to overcome the main disadvantages of treatment using Australian pond systems. The modular bioreactor described in this work consists of an alternative and innovative equipment that operates continuously on an industrial scale, which enables the treatment of liquid waste. The modular bioreactor was constructed of reinforced concrete with dimensions 70 m in length, 1.2 m in width, and 0.6 m in height, with an internal volume of 35,000 L, the process of wastewater degradation alternating between aerobic and anoxic conditions, being predominantly anoxic. The bioreactor was tested in two stages, by using this industrial wastewater. In the first stage, totaling 243 days, a primary effluent was added, consisting of high concentration of pollutants; and in a second stage, totaling 288 days, it was added a biologically pretreated effluent (after an anaerobic post-digestion process). The input-output parameters pH, turbidity, conductivity, temperature, and dissolved oxygen were monitored weekly, while total phosphorus, orthophosphate, total nitrogen, ammonium, nitrite, nitrate, total suspended solids, sedimented solids, oils and greases, COD, BOD, and alkalinity parameters were determined monthly. The bioreactor was promising in terms of pollutant removal efficiency, and partial nitrification may have occurred on a continuous scale in the first stage of the tests.

Keywords

Bioreactor Wastewater treatment Nutrient removal Partial nitrification 

Nomenclature

BOD

biochemical oxygen demand

COD

chemical oxygen demand

EPR

effluent percolation rate

FMS

fast mixing speed

OD

dissolved oxygen

RMT

rapid mixing time

SMS

slow mixing speed

SMT

slow mixing time

SS

sedimented solids

TBD

turbidity

TDM

toxicity Daphnia magna

TF

toxicity factor

THRT

theoretical hydraulic retention time

TS

total solids

TVF

toxicity vibrio fischeri

WAPT

wastewater after primary treatment

WAAD

wastewater after anaerobic digestion

UASB

upflow anaerobic sludge blanket

Symbols

CODsection1

COD parameter of section 1

CODsection11

COD parameter of section 11

FR

flow of the bioreactor

Psection1

parameter in section 1

Psection11

parameter in section 11

RR.COD

COD removal rate

VB

volume of the bioreactor

%Rem

percentage of removal of the parameter

SD

standard deviation

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the industry FARICON AGRÍCOLA LTDA which contributed to the research.

To CAPES for access to the SCOPUS database.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentState University of West of Paraná–UnioesteToledoBrazil

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