Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 230:45 | Cite as

Chromium Speciation in Water Samples by Loading a New Sulfide-Containing Biodegradable Polymer Adsorbent in Tip of the Syringe System

  • Jamshed Ali
  • Mustafa TuzenEmail author
  • Baki Hazer
  • Tasneem G. Kazi


A new adsorbent poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-2-(dodecylthiocarbonothioylthio)-2-methylpropionate triester (PH-DTT-MPT) was first time loaded in a micropipette tip for speciation of chromium in different water samples. Total chromium (Cr), trivalent chromium (CrIII), and hexavalent chromium (CrVI) in different natural water samples were determined by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Known concentration of CrIII and CrVI was passed through a biodegradable polymer for investigation of the behavior of the newly used adsorbent. The newly used copolymer absorbed the CrIII on surface of the PH-DTT-MPT at pH 7.0, while CrVI was not adsorbed in desired pH value. After passing the real and standard solutions through the micropipette, then 2.0 mol L−1 HCl was used for elution of CrIII from the biodegradable polymer. Total Cr was calculated after reducing CrVI into CrIII by specific concentration of hydroxy ammonium chloride (HONH2·HCl). The concentration of CrVI in different natural water samples was estimated after back calculation of CrIII from total chromium. Effect of analytical parameters like adsorbent, pH, eluent, sample volume, flow rates, and interfering ions was also studied. The LOD, LOQ, RSD, and EF of the developed method were calculated as 6.1 ng L−1, 20 ng L−1, 1.17%, and 90, respectively. Validation of developed method was checked by certified reference materials and spiking addition method. The developed method was successfully applied for determination of total Cr, CrIII, and CrVI in various natural water ecosystems.


Chromium speciation Water PH-DTT-MPT Micropipette and syringe system 



Authors would like to thank Tokat Gaziosmanpasa University for providing excellent research facilities to conduct this type of research work.

Funding information

Author Jamshed Ali would like to thank the scientific and technological council of Turkey for the provided scholarship. The code of awarded scholarship is TUBITAK-2216 research fellowship program for foreigner citizens. We also thank the Bulent Ecevit University Research Funds (#BEU-2017-72118496-01) for financial support. Dr. Mustafa Tuzen thanks the Turkish Academy of Sciences for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and Arts, Chemistry DepartmentTokat Gaziosmanpaşa UniversityTokatTurkey
  2. 2.The Benazir Bhutto Shaheed University of Technology and Skill DevelopmentKhairpur MirsPakistan
  3. 3.Research Institute, Center for Environment and WaterKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering; Department of Nano Technology EngineeringBulent Ecevit UniversityZonguldakTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Aircraft Airframe Engine MaintenanceKapadokya UniversityUrgupTurkey
  6. 6.National Centre of Excellence in Analytical ChemistryUniversity of SindhJamshoroPakistan

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