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Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 229:385 | Cite as

Peroxicoagulation and Solar Peroxicoagulation for Landfill Leachate Treatment Using a Cu–Fe System

  • Luis A. Castillo-Suárez
  • Francisco Bruno-Severo
  • Violeta Lugo-Lugo
  • Mario Esparza-Soto
  • Verónica Martínez-Miranda
  • Ivonne Linares-HernándezEmail author
Article
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

Leachates, particularly those from mature landfills, are difficult to treat by biological processes because of their high toxicity and low biodegradability. Therefore, the development of new treatment technology is necessary. The treatment of landfill leachate by peroxicoagulation and solar peroxicoagulation using a batch electrolytic reactor with a Fe cathode and a Cu anode is proposed. The tested operational variables included pH (2.8 and 8.2), current density (11 and 16 mA cm−2), treatment time (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 min), and presence of solar ultraviolet (UV) light and were collected using a compound parabolic collector. The optimum conditions were a pH, current density, and treatment time of 2.8, 16 mA cm−2, and 10 min, respectively. The presence of UV did not have a significant effect. The chemical oxygen demand and biochemical oxygen demand removed were 62.3% and 55.5%, respectively. The results of UV-visible absorption, fluorescence, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements confirm the oxidation process.

Keywords

Peroxicoagulation Solar peroxicoagulation Cu–Fe system Landfill Leachate 

Notes

Funding Information

This work was supported by “Bridging the Americas: Promoting Global Solutions for Local Landfill Problems through Student Services and Learning (4547/2018E),” and we thank the National Council for Science and Technology (CONACYT) for its support, a scholarship grant, and the economic support of the 243681 project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis A. Castillo-Suárez
    • 1
  • Francisco Bruno-Severo
    • 2
  • Violeta Lugo-Lugo
    • 3
  • Mario Esparza-Soto
    • 1
  • Verónica Martínez-Miranda
    • 1
  • Ivonne Linares-Hernández
    • 1
    Email author return OK on get
  1. 1.Instituto Interamericano de Tecnología y Ciencias del Agua (IITCA)Universidad Autónoma del Estado de MéxicoTolucaMexico
  2. 2.Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de JocotitlánJocotitlánMexico
  3. 3.División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Departamento de Recursos de la TierraUniversidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad LermaLermaMexico

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