Comprehensive Effect of P-Nitrophenol Degradation in the Iron Oxide/Oxalate Suspension

  • Faqi Li
  • Kaili Zhu
  • Bo Liu
  • Nannan Wang
  • Hui Liu
  • Rufen Chen
Article
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

The degradation and transformation of p-nitrophenol (PNP) was evaluated with as-prepared iron oxides (γ-FeOOH, Fe3O4, and α-Fe2O3) as catalyst. Results showed that α-Fe2O3 exhibited higher catalytic activity than the other two samples for reduction transformation and oxidative degradation of PNP. α-Fe2O3 showed higher surface-bound Fe(II) contents in the presence of oxalic acid and stronger affinity to PNP, leading to an increase in PNP reductive transformation. And α-Fe2O3 could effectively adsorb visible light and hinder the recombination of charge carriers, resulting in higher oxidative degradation activity. p-Aminophenol (PAP), as the main reduction transformation product of PNP, could be removed further by oxidative degradation in the reaction system itself. A possible mechanism was suggested for the comprehensive effect of PNP degradation during the reaction process.

Keywords

Iron oxide Oxalic acid P-Nitrophenol P-aminophenol Degradation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21477032, 21277040).

Supplementary material

11270_2018_3748_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 3699 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faqi Li
    • 1
  • Kaili Zhu
    • 1
  • Bo Liu
    • 1
  • Nannan Wang
    • 1
  • Hui Liu
    • 1
  • Rufen Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Material ScienceHebei Normal UniversityShijiazhuangPeople’s Republic of China

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