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Effect of Steel Slag to Improve Soil Quality of Tsunami-Impacted Land while Reducing the Risk of Heavy Metal Bioaccumulation

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Abstract

After the tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake, marine sediment was taken from the sea bottom and deposited over local agricultural fields. The marine sediment already contained an unknown amount of heavy metals, due to anthropogenic activities prior to the tsunami, which might affect plants, animals, and humans. Furthermore, soil salinity in tsunami-inundated land greatly increased. Three different amounts of steel slag were employed as pretreatment agent in order to improve agricultural soil quality. The soil samples treated with 2% of steel slag present a remarkable increase of A. thaliana biomass production with low BCF and TF values for most of the heavy metals. It was concluded that steel slag pretreatment used in the tsunami-inundated agricultural lands produced a noteworthy improvement in soil quality which lead to a positive stimulative effect on plant growth, and the slag addition treatment proved to be a promising treatment that might be used for phytostabilization of slightly contaminated soils.

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Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge JFE Steel Corporation for its invaluable collaboration and contribution to the development of the current research.

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Correspondence to Marco Antonio León-Romero.

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León-Romero, M.A., Soto-Ríos, P.C., Nomura, M. et al. Effect of Steel Slag to Improve Soil Quality of Tsunami-Impacted Land while Reducing the Risk of Heavy Metal Bioaccumulation. Water Air Soil Pollut 229, 12 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3666-0

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Keywords

  • Soil rectification
  • Steel slag
  • Tsunami sediment
  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Heavy metals