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Optimizing the Gas Absorption/Chemical Reaction Method for Measuring AirWater Interfacial Area in Porous Media

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Abstract

The gas absorption/chemical reaction (GACR) method developed in chemical engineering to measure gas–fluid interface in reactor systems is adapted for natural porous geologic media. Several series of column experiments were conducted using model glass beads and a natural sand to determine optimal operational conditions for measuring air–water interfacial area with the adapted method. The impacts of operational variables were investigated, including liquid and gas volumetric flow rates, solution concentration, and temperature. The results show that the magnitude of the measured air–water interfacial area is dependent upon all of these variables to greater or lesser degrees. Larger fluid flow rates promote distribution and mixing of the fluids, enhancing absorption and reaction. Increasing the concentration of NaOH in solution reduced the relative utilization of NaOH, promoting pseudo-first-order reaction conditions. The results elucidate the optimal operational conditions for application of the method to geomedia systems.

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Acknowledgements

The first author was supported by a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council during their stay at the University of Arizona. We thank Asma El Ouni for her assistance.

Funding

This research was supported by the NIEHS Superfund Research Program (P42 ES04940).

Author information

Correspondence to Mark L. Brusseau.

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Lyu, Y., Brusseau, M.L. Optimizing the Gas Absorption/Chemical Reaction Method for Measuring AirWater Interfacial Area in Porous Media. Water Air Soil Pollut 228, 451 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3637-5

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Keywords

  • Gas absorption
  • Chemical reaction
  • Air–water interfacial area
  • Fluid–fluid interface