Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 228:421 | Cite as

Coal-Based Carbon Membrane Coupled with Electrochemical Oxidation Process for the Enhanced Microalgae Removal from Simulated Ballast Water

  • Ping Tao
  • Yuanlu Xu
  • Yichen Zhou
  • Chengwen Song
  • Mihua Shao
  • Tonghua Wang


A treatment system combining the coal-based carbon membrane with electrochemical oxidation process was designed for the enhanced microalgae removal from simulated ballast water. The effects of various parameters including microalgae species, microalgae density, electric field intensity, and electrical conductivity on the separation performance were carried out. Fouling test was further performed for assessing the antifouling ability of the treatment system. The results showed big microalgae species tended to form a thick fouling layer on the carbon membrane, resulting in low permeate flux. High microalgae density gave rise to serious membrane fouling, which decreases the permeate flux. The treatment system showed enhanced permeate flux and fouling resistance by coupling with electrochemical oxidation process. High conductivity favored the electrochemical reactions on the surface of the carbon membrane, which reduces the clogging of the microalgae to the carbon membrane. After cleaning, the treatment system still kept high permeate flux, implying its good regeneration ability.


Electrochemical oxidation Microalgae Membrane technology Ballast water 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21476034, 21676044, and 21276035), State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane Processes (Tianjin Polytechnic University) (no. M2-201509), ‘123’ Project of China Environment Protection Foundation (CEPF2014-123-2-16), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (3132016327).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and EngineeringDalian Maritime UniversityDalianChina
  2. 2.State key Laboratory of Fine chemicals, Carbon Research Laboratory, School of Chemical EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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