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Evaluation of the Combined Process of Coagulation/Flocculation and Microfiltration of Cassava Starch Wastewater: Removal Efficiency and Membrane Fouling

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Abstract

In this study, cassava starch wastewater was subjected to coagulation/flocculation (C/F) combined with microfiltration (MF) to improve the final quality of treated water. In the C/F tests of the effluent, the best concentration of the natural coagulant (Tanfloc POP) was determined from a statistical analysis of color removal and turbidity data. The supernatant produced in the C/F step was subjected to MF while varying the transmembrane pressure to evaluate the permeate fluxes, fouling mechanism, and permeate quality. The mathematical model that best represented the filtration process was the fouling mechanism of partial membrane pore blockage. The best experimental conditions for coagulant dosage, settling time, and MF pressure in the combined C/F-MF process were 320 mg L−1, 15 min, and 1.4 bar, respectively. The highest overall removal efficiency rates achieved were 99% color, 91% cyanide, 75% total organic carbon, and 100% turbidity, demonstrating the promising potential of the combined C/F-MF process in the treatment of cassava starch wastewater.

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Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the Brazilian research funding agency CAPES (Federal Agency for the Support and Improvement of Higher Education) for its financial support of this work.

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Correspondence to Márcia Teresinha Veit.

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dos Santos, J.D., Veit, M.T., Palácio, S.M. et al. Evaluation of the Combined Process of Coagulation/Flocculation and Microfiltration of Cassava Starch Wastewater: Removal Efficiency and Membrane Fouling. Water Air Soil Pollut 228, 238 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3416-3

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Keywords

  • Cassava starch wastewater
  • Coagulation/flocculation
  • Natural coagulant
  • Microfiltration
  • Combined process
  • Fouling mechanism