Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 227:378 | Cite as

Nitrate Removal from Agricultural Drainage Ditch Sediments with Amendments of Organic Carbon: Potential for an Innovative Best Management Practice

  • Derek R. Faust
  • Robert Kröger
  • Leandro E. Miranda
  • Scott A. Rush
Article
  • 210 Downloads

Abstract

Agricultural fertilizer applications have resulted in loading of nutrients to agricultural drainage ditches in the Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley. The purpose of this study was to determine effects of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and particulate organic carbon (POC) amendments on nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) removal from overlying water, pore water, and sediment of an agricultural drainage ditch. Two experiments were conducted. In experiment 1, control (i.e., no amendment), DOC, and POC treatments were applied in laboratory microcosms for time intervals of 3, 7, 14, and 28 days. In experiment 2, control, DOC, and POC treatments were applied in microcosms at C/N ratios of 5:1, 10:1, 15:1, and 20:1. There were statistically significant effects of organic carbon amendments in experiment 1 (F2,71 = 27.1, P < 0.001) and experiment 2 (F2,53 = 39.1, P < 0.001), time (F1,71 = 14.5, P < 0.001) in experiment 1, and C/N ratio (F1,53 = 36.5, P < 0.001) in experiment 2. NO3-N removal varied from 60 to 100 % in overlying water among all treatments. The lowest NO3-N removals in experiment 1 were observed in the control at 14 and 28 days, which were significantly less than in DOC and POC 14- and 28-day treatments. In experiment 2, significantly less NO3-N was removed in overlying water of the control compared to DOC and POC treatments at all C/N ratios. Amendments of DOC and POC made to drainage ditch sediment: (1) increased NO3-N removal, especially over longer time intervals (14 to 28 days); (2) increased NO3-N removal, regardless of C/N ratio; and (3) NO3-N removal was best at a 5:1 C/N ratio. This study provides support for continued investigation on the use of organic carbon amendments as a best management practice for NO3-N removal in agricultural drainage ditches.

Keywords

Agriculture Amendments Microcosms Nitrate Nutrients Organic carbon 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Forest and Wildlife Research Center and Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station of Mississippi State University for financial support. We also extend gratitude to past and present members of the Water Quality Laboratory at Mississippi State University for their valuable contributions to this project. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the US Government.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Derek R. Faust
    • 1
    • 4
  • Robert Kröger
    • 2
  • Leandro E. Miranda
    • 3
  • Scott A. Rush
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Wildlife Fisheries and AquacultureMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  2. 2.Covington Civil and Environmental, LLCGulfportUSA
  3. 3.US Geological Survey, Mississippi Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitMississippi StateUSA
  4. 4.Present Address: Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory, USDA-Agricultural Research ServiceMandanUSA

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