Soil Carbon Dioxide Fluxes from Three Forest Types of the Tropical Montane Rainforest on Hainan Island, China

  • Xinhua Jiang
  • Huai ChenEmail author
  • Changhui Peng
  • Yide Li
  • Yixin He
  • Dexiang Chen
  • Mingxian Lin
  • Ji Hu
  • Tianli Ma
  • Liangfeng Liu
  • Xinwei Liu
  • Miao Xia
  • Yinggao LiuEmail author


Tropical forests play an important role in carbon cycle. However, the temporal and spatial variation in soil carbon dioxide (CO2) emission of tropical forest remains uncertain, especially near the Tropic of Cancer. In this research, we studied the annual soil CO2 fluxes from three tropical montane rainforests on the Hainan Island of China (pristine montane rainforest, PF; secondary montane rainforest, SF; and Podocarpus imbricatus plantation, PP). The results showed a lower annual average soil CO2 flux as 6.85 ± 0.52 Mg C-CO2 ha−1 (9.17 Mg C-CO2 ha−1 in the wet season and 4.50 Mg C-CO2 ha−1 in the dry season). The CO2 fluxes exhibited obviously seasonal variation during the study period. Among the three forest types, PF had the highest average CO2 flux rate of 317.77 ± 147.71 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 (433.08 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 in the wet season and 202.47 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 in the dry season), followed by PP of 286.84 ± 137.48 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 (367.12 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 in the wet season and 206.56 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 in the dry season) and SF of 255.09 ± 155.26 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 (351.48 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 in the wet season and 155.71 mg CO2 m−2 h−1 in the dry season). We found between CO2 fluxes and soil temperature a highly significant linear relation (P < 0.01) at 5 cm depth and a highly significant exponential correlation (P < 0.01) at 10 cm depth for all three forest types; a significant linear relation (P < 0.05) between CO2 fluxes and soil moisture content was found for SF and PF, but not for PP (P > 0.05). The CO2 flux was significantly correlated (P < 0.05) with water-filled pore space only for PF. In conclusion, our results suggested soil CO2 fluxes in the three forest types that exhibit obviously spatial and temporal variation, and the temperature is the major factor affecting soil CO2 fluxes from this region.


Tropical montane rainforest Plantation Soil CO2 fluxes Soil temperature Temporal and spatial variation 



This study was supported by 100 Talents Program of The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NCET-12-0477), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 31100348 and 41201205), International S&T Cooperation Program of China (S2013GI0408), and China Qianren Project. The authors give special thanks to Ms. Wan Xiong for her editing and valuable comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinhua Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 8
  • Huai Chen
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Changhui Peng
    • 4
    • 5
  • Yide Li
    • 6
  • Yixin He
    • 2
    • 3
  • Dexiang Chen
    • 6
  • Mingxian Lin
    • 6
  • Ji Hu
    • 2
    • 4
  • Tianli Ma
    • 2
    • 4
  • Liangfeng Liu
    • 2
    • 4
  • Xinwei Liu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Miao Xia
    • 7
    • 8
  • Yinggao Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of ForestrySichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Zoige Peatland and Global Change Research StationChinese Academy of SciencesHongyuanChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Mountain Ecological Restoration and Bioresource Utilization & Ecological Restoration Biodiversity Conservation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu Institute of BiologyChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau, College of ForestryNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  5. 5.Institute of Environment Sciences, Department of Biology ScienceUniversity of Quebec at MontrealMontrealCanada
  6. 6.Research Institute of Tropical ForestryChinese Academy of ForestryGuangzhouChina
  7. 7.College of Life ScienceSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  8. 8.Research Insititute of Forestry ScienceGarze Tibetan Autonomous PrefectureKangdingChina

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