Recovery of Phosphate by Magnetic Iron Oxide Particles and Iron Oxide Nanotubes in Water

  • Jeongyun Choi
  • Jinwook Chung
  • Wonhee Lee
  • Han-Su Lim
  • Jong-Oh KimEmail author


In this study, we focused on the performance of phosphate recovery in the case of magnetic iron oxide (MIO) particles and iron oxide nanotubes (INTs) with synthetic wastewater. MIO particles were prepared by a co-precipitation method, and INTs were prepared with a potentiostatic anodization method of zerovalent iron foil in electrolyte-containing sulfate and fluoride. Although MIO had the fast adsorption rate, INT had a higher adsorption capacity per surface area rather than MIO. The adsorption isotherm of MIO and INT was approximated by a Freundlich type. Phosphate adsorbed on MIO and INT was effectively desorbed with alkaline solutions. For phosphate recovery, MIO needs a magnetic recovery device, whereas, when INT was used for phosphate recovery, another recovery step is not necessary. Both methods showed effective adsorption performance for phosphate recovery in wastewater.


Adsorption Desorption Iron oxide nanotubes Magnetic iron oxide Phosphorus recovery 



This study was supported by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as Advanced Technology Program for Environmental Industry and was partially supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2013R1A2A1A09007252).


  1. Bashan, Y., & de-Bashan, L. E. (2004). Recent advances in removing phosphorus from wastewater and its future use as fertilizer (1997–2003). Water Research, 38, 4222–4246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benyoucef, S., & Amrani, M. (2011). Adsorption of phosphate ions onto low cost Aleppo pine adsorbent. Desalination, 275, 231–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cheng, X., Huang, X., Wang, X., Zhao, B., Chen, A., & Sun, D. (2009). Phosphate adsorption from sewage sludge filtrate using zinc-aluminum layered double hydroxides. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 169, 958–964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chitrakar, R., Tezuka, S., Somoda, A., Sakane, K., Ooi, K., & Hirotsu, T. (2005). Adsorption of phosphate from seawater on calcined MgMn-layered double hydroxides. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 290, 45–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choi, W. Y., Chung, J., Cho, C. H., & Kim, J. O. (2011). Fabrication and photocatalytic activity of a novel nanostructured TiO metal membrane. Desalination, 279, 359–366.Google Scholar
  6. Chung, J., Choi, J., Lim, H.S., Kim, J.O. (submitted). Recovery of phosphate from aqueous solutions using self-organized iron oxide nanotubes. Science of Advanced Materials.Google Scholar
  7. Cornell, R. M., & Schwertmann, U. (2003). The iron oxides: structure, properties, reactions occurrence and uses. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Daou, T. J., Begin-Colin, S., Greneche, J. M., Thomas, F., Derory, A., Bernhardt, P., Legare, P., & Pourroy, G. (2007). Phosphate adsorption properties of magnetite-based nanoparticles. Chemistry of Materials, 19, 4494–4505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. de Vicente, I., Marino-Martos, A., Cruz-Pizarro, L., & de Vicente, J. (2010). On the use of magnetic nano and microparticles for lake restoration. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181, 375–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Galarneau, E., & Gehr, R. (1997). Phosphorus removal from wastewaters: experimental and theoretical support for alternative mechanisms. Water Research, 31, 328–338.Google Scholar
  11. Grigoropoulou, H. P., & Georgantas, D. A. (2007). Orthophosphate and metaphosphate ion removal from aqueous solution using alum and aluminum hydroxide. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 315, 70–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kandah, M. L. (2004). Zinc and cadmium adsorption on low-grade phosphate. Separation and Purification Technology, 35, 61–70.Google Scholar
  13. Kim, I. D., Rothschild, A., Lee, B. H., Kim, D. Y., Jo, S. M., & Tuller, H. L. (2006). Ultrasensitive chemiresistors based on electrospun TiO2 nanofibers. Nano Letters, 62, 2009–2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kuzawa, K., Jung, Y. J., Kiso, Y., Yamada, T., Nagai, M., & Lee, T. G. (2006). Phosphate removal and recovery with a synthetic hydrotalcite as an adsorbent. Chemosphere, 62, 45–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lee, S. H., Yeon, K. H., Park, H., Lee, S. H., Park, Y. M., & Iwamoto, M. (2008). Zirconium mesostructures immobilized in calcium alginate for phosphate removal. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 25, 1040–1046.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li, G., Gao, S., Zhang, G., & Zhang, X. (2014). Enhanced adsorption of phosphate from aqueous solution by nanostructured iron (III)–copper (II) binary oxides. Chemical Engineering Journal, 235, 124–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. López, E., Soto, B., Arias, M., Nunez, A., Rubinos, D., & Barral, M.T. (1998). Adsorbent properties of red mud and its use for wastewater treatment. Water Research, 32, 1314–1322Google Scholar
  18. Masuda, H., & Fukuda, K. (1995). Ordered metal nanohole arrays made by a two-step replication of honeycomb structures of anodic alumina. Science, 268, 1466–1468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Onyango, M. S., Kuchar, D., Kubota, M., & Matsuda, H. (2007). Adsorptive removal of phosphate ions from aqueous solution using synthetic zeolite. Industrial Engineering and Chemistry Research, 46, 894–900.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pan, G., Li, L., Zhao, D., & Chen, H. (2010). Immobilization of non-point phosphorus using stabilized magnetite nanoparticles with enhanced transportability and reactivity in soils. Environmental Pollution, 158, 35–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Park, J. H., & Jung, D. I. (2011). Removal of total phosphorus (TP) from municipal wastewater using loess. Desalination, 269, 104–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Park, K. Y., Song, J. H., Lee, S. H., & Kim, H. S. (2010). Utilization of a selective adsorbent for phosphorus removal from wastewater. Environmental Engineering Science, 29, 805–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rosenquist, S. E., Hession, W. C., Eick, M. J., & Vaughan, D. H. (2010). Variability in adsorptive phosphorus removal by structural stormwater best management practices. Ecological Engineering, 36, 664–671.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shin, E. W., Han, J. S., Jang, M., Min, S. H., Park, J. K., & Rowell, R. M. (2004). Phosphate adsorption on aluminum-impregnated mesoporous silicates: surface structure and behavior of adsorbents. Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 912–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stanforth, R., & Zhao, H. S. (2001). Competitive adsorption of phosphate and arsenate on goethite. Environmental Science and Technology, 35, 4753–4757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Tanada, S., Kabayama, M., Kawasaki, N., Sakiyama, T., Nakamura, T., Araki, M., & Tamura, T. (2003). Removal of phosphate by aluminum oxide hydroxide. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 257, 135–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tillman, F.D., Bartelt-Hunt, S.L., Craver, V.A., Smith, J.A., & Alther, G.R. (2005). Relative metal ion sorption on natural and engineered sorbents: Batch and column studies. Environmental Engineering and Science, 22, 400–409.Google Scholar
  28. Tu, Y. J., & You, C. F. (2014). Phosphorus adsorption onto green synthesized nano-bimetal ferrites: equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic investigation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 251, 285–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tu, Y. J., You, C. F., Chang, C. K., & Chen, M. H. (2015). Application of magnetic nano-particles for phosphorus removal/recovery in aqueous solution. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 46, 148–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Urano, K., & Tachikawa, H. (1991). Process development for removal and recovery of phosphorus from wastewater by a new adsorbent. 1. Preparation method and adsorption capability of a new adsorbent. Industrial Engineering and Chemistry Research, 30, 1893–1896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yoon, S. Y., Lee, C. G., Park, J. A., Kim, J. H., Kim, S. B., Lee, S. H., & Choi, J. W. (2013). Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies for phosphate adsorption to magnetic iron oxide nanoparticle. Chemical Engineering Journal, 236, 341–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yu, X., Li, Y., Wlodarski, W., Kandasamy, S., & Kalantar-Zzadeh, K. (2008). Fabrication of nanostructured TiO2 by anodization: a comparison between electrolytes and substrates. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 130, 25–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zach-Maor, A., Semiat, R., & Shemer, H. (2011). Adsorption-desorption mechanism of phosphate by immobilized nano-sized magnetite layer: interface and bulk interactions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 363, 608–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang, G., Liu, H., Liu, R., & Qu, J. Removal of phosphate from water by a Fe-Mn binary oxide adsorbent. Journal of Colloid Interface and Science, 335, 168-174.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeongyun Choi
    • 1
  • Jinwook Chung
    • 1
  • Wonhee Lee
    • 2
  • Han-Su Lim
    • 2
  • Jong-Oh Kim
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.R&D CenterSamsung Engineering Co., Ltd.SuwonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringHanyang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations