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Effective Concentration of Elements in Root Zone of Norway Spruce Stand 16 Years After Fertilization Probed with DGT

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Abstract

The changes in the availability of selected elements (Ca, Mg, K, Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn) 16 years after amphibolite treatment were studied in the root zone of spruce (40 and 80 cm from the stem base) using the diffusive gradient in thin film (DGT) technique. The effective concentrations of some of the tested elements significantly increased (Ca (34 %), Mg (31 %), K (65 %), Al (143 %), Fe (242 %), and Pb (27 %)) in 80 cm distance from the stem, whereas the total and the water-soluble concentrations of the elements did not differ from the control. The changes in effective concentrations of the elements in soil were related to higher vitality of the trees on amended soil in contrast to the control.

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Acknowledgments

Financial support for these investigations was provided by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic, projects NAZV No. QH92087 and QJ1220331, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports project (S grant), and the Czech Science Foundation project No. 13-21409P.

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Correspondence to Jana Jaklová Dytrtová.

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Jakl, M., Jaklová Dytrtová, J., Kuneš, I. et al. Effective Concentration of Elements in Root Zone of Norway Spruce Stand 16 Years After Fertilization Probed with DGT. Water Air Soil Pollut 226, 339 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-015-2602-4

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Keywords

  • Amendment
  • Forest soil
  • Disturbed stand
  • Hazardous elements
  • DGT
  • Effective concentration
  • Root zone