Benzotriazoles in the Aquatic Environment: a Review of Their Occurrence, Toxicity, Degradation and Analysis

  • M. D. Alotaibi
  • A. J. McKinley
  • B. M. Patterson
  • A. Y. Reeder


Benzotriazoles (BTs) are an emerging class of environmental pollutants used in a wide range of industrial applications. Benzotriazole (BTri) and 5-methylbenzotriazole (5-MeBT) have recently been detected in water supplies around the world, and are thus attracting the attention of many environmental researchers. The focus of this review is on assessing contemporary methods to detect BTs using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and providing information regarding their occurrence, degradation and toxicity within the environment.


Benzotriazole 5-methylbenzotriazole Occurrence Toxicity Degradation Analysis 



The support of the King Abdullah Scholarship Program (KASP) and King Saud University scholarship program is gratefully appreciated. The constructive comments and suggestions by CSIRO reviewers to improve the quality of this paper are also acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Australia as represented by: Bradley Patterson 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Alotaibi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. J. McKinley
    • 1
  • B. M. Patterson
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Y. Reeder
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO Land and waterPerthWestern Australia
  3. 3.Department of Plant Production, College of Food and Agricultural SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Centre for Microscopy, Characterization and AnalysisUniversity of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

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