Effect of biochar, derived from unfertilized dates, on the immobilization of Cd and Ni, in a sandy loam alkaline soil, was investigated. The biochar was applied to the soil columns at the rate of 0.5, 1, and 2 % (w/w) artificially polluted with 10 mg kg−1 Cd and 100 mg kg−1 Ni. After 1 month incubation of soil-biochar mixture under ambient conditions, the soil bulk density was reduced by 0.19 g cm−3 as compared with no biochar addition with increase in soil pH. A reduction of 53 % in the NH4NO3-extractable soil Ni was recorded as compared with the corresponding control without biochar addition. After incubation, the water-soluble Ni and NH4NO3-extractable soil Cd and Ni contents were significantly lower in all the biochar treatments than the control. A reduction of 53 % in the NH4NO3-extractable soil Ni was recorded as compared with the corresponding control. The biochar content separated from the incubated soil showed low concentrations of NH4NO3-extractable Cd and Ni. The total Ni and Cd contents recovered from biochar samples after incubation were 35.2 and 3.7 mg kg−1, respectively. Their contents in soil were substantially reduced by the incorporation of biochar amendment (114 to 57.2 mg kg−1 Ni, 9 to 5.6 kg−1 Cd) as compared with the no-biochar control. Therefore, addition of the biochar improved the soil physical properties and succeeded in immobilizing the studied metals.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Agusalim, M., Wani, M. H. U., & Syechfani, M. S. (2010). Rice husk biochar for rice based cropping system in acid soil: the characteristics of rice husk biochar and its influence on the properties of acid sulphate soils and rice growth in West Kalimantan. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science, 2, 39–47.
Beesley, L., Moreno-Jimenez, E., Clement, R., Lepp, N., & Dickinson, N. (2010a). Mobility of As, Cd and Zn in a multicontaminated soil profile assessed by in-situ soil pore water sampling, column leaching and sequential extraction. Environmental Pollution, 158, 155–160.
Beesley, L., Moreno-Jimenez, E., & Gomez-Eyles, J. L. (2010b). Effects of biochar and green waste compost amendments on mobility, bioavailability and toxicity of inorganic and organic contaminants in a multi-element polluted soil. Environmental Pollution, 158, 2282–2287.
Beesley, L., & Marmiroli, M. (2011). The immobilization and retention of soluble As, Cd and Zn by biochar. Environmental Pollution, 159, 474–480.
Beesley, L., Moreno-Jimenez, E., Gomez-Eyles, J. L., Harris, E., Robinson, B., & Tizmur, S. (2011). A review of biochars potential role in the remediation, revegetation and restoration of contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution, 159, 3269–3282.
Bolan, N. S., Adriano, D. C., & Curtin, D. (2003). Soil acidification and liming interactions with nutrient and heavy metal transformation and bioavailability. Advances in Agronomy, 78, 215–72.
Bradl, H. B. (2004). Adsorption of heavy metal ions on soils and soils constituents. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 277, 1–18.
Clemente, R., Almela, C., & Bernal, M. P. (2006). A remediation strategy based on active phytoremediation followed by natural attenuation in a soil contaminated by pyrite waste. Environmental Pollution, 14, 397–406.
Cheng, C. H., Lehmann, J., & Enelhard, M. H. (2008). Natural oxidation of black carbon in soils: changes in molecular form and surface charge along a climosequence. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72, 1598–1610.
Chan, K. Y., Xu, Z., Lehmann, J., & Joseph, S. (2009). Biochar: nutrient properties and their enhancement. In Biochar for environmental management—science and technology (pp. 67–84). London: Earthscan.
Dickinson, N. M., Baker, A. J. M., Doronila, A., Laidlaw, S., & Reeves, R. D. (2009). Phytoremediation of inorganics; realism and synergies. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 11, 97–114.
Downie, A., Crosky, A., & Munroe, P. (2009). Physical properties of biochar. In J. Lehmann & S. Joseph (Eds.), Biochar for environmental management—science and technology (pp. 13–32). London: Earthscan.
Glaser, B., Balashov, E., Haumaier, L., Guggenberger, G., & Zech, W. (2000). Black carbon in density fractions of anthropogenic soils of the Brazilian Amazon region. Organic Geochemistry, 31, 669–678.
Harvey, O. R., Herbert, B. E., Rhue, R. D., & Kuo, L. J. (2011). Metal interactions at the biochar-water interface: energetics and structure-sorption relationships elucidated by flow adsorption microcalorimetry. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 5550–5556.
Hass, A., Gonzalez, J. M., Lima, I. M., Godwin, H. W., Halvorson, J. J., & Boyer, D. G. (2012). Chicken manure biochar as liming and nutrient source for acid application. Journal of Environmental Quality, 41, 1096–1106.
Houben, D., Evrard, L., & Sonnet, P. (2013). Mobility, bioavailability and pH-dependent leaching of cadmium, zinc and lead in a contaminated soil amended with biochar. Chempsphere, 92, 1450–1457.
Inyang, M., Gao, B., Ding, W., Pullammanappallili, P., Zimmerman, A. R., & Cao, W. (2011). Enhanced lead absorption by biochar derived from anaerobically digested sugarcane bagasse. Separation Science and Technology, 46, 950–1956.
Inyang, M., Gao, B., Pullammanappallil, P., Ding, W., & Zimmerman, A. R. (2010). Biochar from anaerobically digested sugarcane bagasse. Bioresource Technology, 101, 8868–8872.
Jiang, T. Y., Jiang, J., Xu, R. K., & Li, Z. (2012). Adsorption of Pb(II) on variable charge soils amended with rice-straw derived biochar. Chemosphere, 89, 249–256.
Kiiya, W. W., Mwonga, S. M., Obura, R. K., & Ngugi, J. G. (2010). Effect of incorporation of legumes on selected soil chemical properties and weed growth in a potato cropping system at Timboroa, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5, 2392–2398.
Kumpiene, J., Lagerkvist, A., & Maurice, C. (2008). Stabilization of As, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn in soil using amendments—a review. Waste Management, 28, 215–225.
Lehmann, L. (2007). Bioenergy in the black. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5, 381–387.
Lehman, J., Skjemstad, J., Sohi, S., Carter, J., Barson, M., Falloom, P., Coleman, K., Woodbury, P., & Krull, E. (2008). Australian climate/carbon cycle feedback reduced by soil black carbon. Nature Geoscience, 1, 832–835.
Lehmann, J., Rillig, M. C., Thies, J., Masiello, C. A., Hockaday, W. C., & Crowley, D. (2011). Biochar effects on soil biota—a review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 1812–1836.
Mankasingh, U., Choi, P., & Ragnarsdottir, R. (2011). Biochar application in a tropical, agricultural region: a pilot scale study in Tamil Nadu, India. Applied Geochemistry, 26, 5218–5221.
McBride, M., Sauve, S., & Hendershot, W. (1997). Solubility control of Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb in contaminated soils. European Journal of Soil Science, 48, 337–346.
Mendez, A., Gomez, A., Paz-Ferreiro, J., & Gasco, G. (2012). Effects of sewage sludge biochar on plant metal availability after application to a Mediterranean soil. Chemosphere, 89, 1354–1359.
Mench, M., Lepp, N., Bert, V., Schwitzguebel, J.P., Gawronski, S.W., Schoder, P., & Vangronsveld, J. (2010). Successes and limitations of phytotechnologies at field scale. outcomes, assessment and outlook from COST action 859, Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10, 1039–1070.
Nguyen, B., Lehmann, J., Hockaday, W. C., Joseph, S., & Masiello, C. A. (2010). Temperature sensitivity of black carbon decomposition and oxidation. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 3324–3331.
Nigussie, A., Kissi, E., Misganaw, M., & Ambaw, G. (2012). Effect of biochar application on soil properties and nutrient uptake of lettuces (Lactuca sativa) grown in chromium polluted soils. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, 12, 369–376.
Novak, J. M., Busscher, W. J., Laird, D. L., Ahmedna, M., Watts, D. W., & Niandou, M. A. S. (2009). Impact of biochar amendment on fertility of a southeastern coastal plain soil. Soil Science, 1(74), 105–112.
Park, J. H., Choppala, G. K., Bolan, N. S., Chung, J. W., & Chuasavathi, T. (2011). Biochar reduces the bioavailability and phytotoxicity of heavy metals. Plant and Soil, 348, 439–451.
Peng, X., Ye, L. L., Wang, C. H., Zhou, H., & Sun, B. (2011). Temperature- and duration dependent rice straw-derived biochar: characteristics and its effects on soil properties of an ultisol in southern China. Soil & Tillage Research, 112, 159–166.
Uchimiya, M., Lima, M., Klasson, T., Chang, S., Wartelle, L. H., & Rodgers, J. E. (2010). Immobilization of heavy metal ions (CuII, CdII, NiII, PbII) by broiler litter derived biochars in water and soil. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 5538–5544.
Uchimiya, M., Chang, S., & Klasson, K. T. (2011). Screening biochar for heavy metal retention in soils: role of oxygen functional groups. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 190, 432–441.
Verheijen, V. F. G. A., Jeffery, S., Bastos, A. C., Van Der Velde, M., & Diafas, I. (2009). Biochar application to soils—a critical scientific review of effects on soil properties, processes and functions (EUR 24099 EN, (pp. 149)). Luxembourg: Office for the official publications of the European Communities.
Walker, D.J., Clemente, R., & Bernal, M.P. (2004). Contrasting effects of manure and compost on soil pH, heavy metal availability and growth of Chenopodium album L. in a soil contaminated by pyretic mine waste. Chemosphere, 57, 215–224.
Wardle, D. A., Nilsson, M. C., & Zackrisson, O. (2008). Fire derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus. Science, 320, 629.
Wang, J., Pan, X., Liu, Y., Zhang, X., & Xiong, Z. (2012). Effects of biochar amendment in two soils on greenhouse gas emissions and crop production. Plant and Soil, 353, 1250–12533.
Woolf, D., Amonette, J. E., Street-Perrott, F. A., Lehmann, J., & Joseph, S. (2010). Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. Nature Communications, 1, 1–9.
Yuan, J.-H., Xu, R.-K., & Zhang, H. (2011). The forms of alkalis in the biochar produced from crop residues at different temperatures. Bioresource Technology, 102, 3488–3497.
Zhang, A., Bian, R., Pan, G., Cui, L., Hussain, Q., Li, L., Zheng, J., Zheng, J., Zhang, X., Han, X., & Yu, X. (2012). Effects of biochar amendment on soil quality, crop yield and greenhouse gas emission in a Chinese rice paddy: a field study of 2 consecutive rice growing cycles. Field Crops Research, 127, 153–160.
Zimmerman, A. R., Gao, B., & Ahn, M. A. (2011). Positive and negative carbon mineralization priming effects among a variety of biochar amended soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 1169–1179.
About this article
Cite this article
Ehsan, M., Barakat, M.A., Husein, D.Z. et al. Immobilization of Ni and Cd in Soil by Biochar Derived From Unfertilized Dates. Water Air Soil Pollut 225, 2123 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-014-2123-6
- Soil remediation
- Heavy metals contamination
- Unfertilized dates
- Soil bulk density